EGYPTIAN ART

The Old Kingdom
(c. 2650 -2180 BC)

Palette of Narmer (King of Upper Egypt):  Triumph of the Peoples of the Delta
1st Dynasty (c. 3100-2800 BC) shale
Cairo, Egyptian Museum

Pyramid of Djoser, Saqqarah – 3rd Dynasty (c. 2660 BC)

The Great Sphinx and two of the three great pyramids of Giza
(just outside Cairo) built during the Old Kingdom

The Sphinx and the Pyramid of Khafre, Giza – 4th Dynasty (c. 2600-2480 BC)

The Great Sphinx near the Great Pyramid at Giza

Geese – detail of a tomb painting from the mastaba tomb of Nefermaat at Medum
(4th Dynasty: c. 2680-2500)
Cairo, Egyptian Museum

Statues of Rahotep and Nofret – beginning of the 4th Dynasty (c. 2600 BC) painted limestone
from the mastaba of Rahotep, Maydum
Cairo, Egyptian Museum

Triad of Menkaure (between the goddess Hathor and the goddess protecting
the "nome" [district] of Cynopolis – 4th dynasty (c. 2600-2480 BC)
Cairo, Egyptian Museum

The Seated Scribe – 4th or 5th Dynasty (2600-2350 BC) painted limestone
from Saqqarah
Paris, Musée du Louvre

Two Sculptors Working on a Statue – Saqqara (5th Dynasty: c. 2510-2460 BC) painted stone relief
Cairo, Egyptian Museum

Middle Kingdom
(2055 - 1650 BC)

A kneeling statue depicting the pharoah Sobekhotep V (c. 1750-1700 BC)
Berlin, Altes Museum

The New Kingdom (or Empire)
(c. 1550 - 1070 BC)

18th Dynasty (c. 1400 - 1350 BC)

Goddess Hekhmet – 18th Dynasty (c. 1450-1310) diorite
probably from the temple of Mut, Karnak
Paris, Musée du Louvre

Nebamun Hunting Birds – fragment of a wall painting from the tomb of Nebamun
Drah Abu el-Neggah, Valley of the Nobles, Thebes-West
(18th Dynasty: c. 1400-1350 BC)
London, British Museum

Banquet Scene – Fragment of a wall painting from the tomb of Nebamun, Thebes
(18th Dynasty: c. 1400-1350 BC)
London, British Museum

The Deceased Worshiping the Gods Osiris and Anubis – detail of the Stele of Nanai
(18th Dynasty: c. 1400-1350 BC)
Turin, Museo Egizio

Anubis, God of the Dead, Leaning over Sennutem's Mummy – tomb of Sennutem
in the cemetery of Deir el Medina, Luxor -Thebes(c. 1400 - 1350 BC)

Temple of Amon, Luxor – 18th Dynasty (c. 1340 BC)
(papyrus-shaped columns of the peristyle court of Amenhotep III)

Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV)

Head of Nefertiti – 18th Dynasty (c. 1450-1310 BC) limestone
Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum

Amenhotep IV, Nefertiti and three of their daughters – 18th Dynasty (c. 1340 BC)
domestic altar from a house in Amarna
Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum

Two Sacred Baboons – wall painting from the tomb of Tutankhamen, Valley of the Kings
(c. 1400-1350 BC)

Throne of Tutenkhamen (Ankhesenamen oils the body of her spouse) – 18th Dynasty (c. 1326 BC)
wood covered in gold leaf – from the tomb of Tutankhamen, Valley of the Kings, Thebes
Cairo, Egyptian Museum

Tutankhamen with His Queen Ankhesenamen – detail on the back of the throne of King Tutankhamen,
from the tomb of Tutenkhamen, Valley of the Kings (c. 1355-1342 BC) carved wood covered with gold
and inlaid with faience, glass paste, semiprecious stones and silver
Cairo, Egyptian Museum

Golden funeral mask of king Tutankhamun
Cairo, Egyptian Museum


19th Dynasty (1310-1200 BC)

Ramesses II son of Seti I
                              Egyptian Museum (Museo Egizio) of Turin - Italy

Temple of Ramses II – 19th Dynasty (c. 1240 BC) sandstone – Abu Simbel

Temple of Ramses II – 19th Dynasty (c. 1240 BC) sandstone – Abu Simbel

                          Ramesses II: one of four external seated statues at Abu Simbel

Alley of sphinxes with rams' heads, Temple of Amon-Ra, Karnak – 19th dynasty (c. 1310-1200) sandstone

The gods Atum and Osiris – wall painting from the tomb of Nefertari (wife of Ramesses II)
(19th Dynasty: 1200s BC) Valley of the Queens, near Deir el-Bahri

Pharaoh Sety I and the goddess Hathor (19th Dynasty: 1200s BC) painted relief
Florence, Museo Archeològico

Karnak - Egypt

Sowing and Plowing in the Fields – Tomb of Sennedjem, Thebes (19th Dynasty: 1200s BC)


20th Dynasty (1200-1080 BC)

Anhour Khaou, Chief Builder at Thebes, Seated with His Wife and Grandchildren
wall painting from the tomb of Anhour Khaou, Thebes (20th Dynasty: 1200-1080 BC)

Acrobat – (20th Dynasty: c. 1180 BC) limestone ostracon
Turin, Museo Egizio

Ceiling detail, hypogeum of Ramses IV – 20th Dynasty (c. 1140 BC) Valley of the Kings, Thebes-West
(two buttressing goddesses representing the night sky and the daytime sky respectively)


Late Egyptian
(664 - 323 BC)

26th Dynasty (c. 650-525 BC)

Pharaoh Psamtik II presenting Osiris – 26th Dynasty (c. 650-525 BC) diorite
Paris, Musée du Louvre


The god Anubis weighing a woman's heart against a figure representing truth.
A selection from the papyrus scroll Book of the Dead
Excavations of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929; Rogers Fund, 1930

Judgment in the Other World – Book of the Dead (c. 350 BC) papyrus
Berlin, Staatliche Museen, Aegyptisches Museum

Ptolemaic (Greek) Egypt
(323 - 30 BC)

Ring with engraved portrait of Ptolemy VI Philometor (3rd–2nd century BC)
Paris, Louvre Museum

The Nile mosaic of Palestrina, showing Ptolemaic Egypt (c. 100 BC)
Paris, Louvre Museum
(click on picture for larger resolution)

Hellenistic soldiers circa 100 BC - A detail of the Nile mosaic of Palestrina
Paris, Louvre Museum

The Rosetta Stone and the Unlocking of Hieroglyphics
 London, British Museum

Continue on to the Next Section: Aegean and Levantine Art

Miles H. Hodges - 2014