NORTHERN RENAISSANCE ART

Late 1300s - Mid 1500s


EARLY NETHERLANDISH 
(FLEMISH OR BELGIAN) RENAISSANCE
(Late  1300s - mid 1400s)
 


Claus Sluter
(Flemish:  1340s - 1405/6)
 

Claus Sluter – The Well of Moses (1395-1403)
Dado, Way of the Cross, cloister, Charterhouse of Champmol, near Dijon

Claus Sluter – The Portals to the Monastery Church
Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, and his wife, Margaret III of Flanders, kneel in the portal of the monastery church

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Robert Campin
(Flemish:  c. 1375 - 1444)
 

Attributed to Robert Campin (or the Master of Flemalle) – Portait of St. Veronica (c. 1410) oil on panel
Frankfurt am Main, Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie

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The Limbourg Brothers
(Flemish:  Early-1400s)
 

Jean de Limbourg – Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry
Chantilly, Musée Condé

Limbourg brothers – Les Très Riches Heures du duc de BerryOctobre (1413 - 1416)
In the background:  the city walls and Louvre castle of Paris built c. 1190 by King Philippe Auguste (1188-1223)
Chantilly, Musée Condé

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Jan Van Eyck
(Flemish:  1390-1441)
 

Jan Van Eyck – The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cerami (1434)
London, National Gallery

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Rogier Van der Weyden
(Flemish:  1399 -1464)
 

Rogier Van der Weyden – The Descent from the Cross (c. 1435) oil on panel
Madrid, Museo del Prado

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Petrus Christus
(Flemish:  c. 1410/20 -1475/76)
 

Petrus Christus – The Annunciation (c. 1450) oil on panel
New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Dieric Bouts
(Flemish:  c. 1420 -1475)
 

Dieric Bouts – The Virgin and Child (c. 1465) oil on panel
London, National Gallery

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EARLY FRENCH RENAISSANCE
(Mid 1400s)
 


Enguerrand Quarton
(French:  c. 1410 - 1466)
 

Enguerrand Quarton – The Villeneuve-les-Avignon Pieta (c. 1455) oil on panel
Paris, Musée du Louvre

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Jean Fouquet
(French: 1420 - 1481)
 

Jean Fouquet – The Melun Diptych (c. 1453)
on the left:  Etienne Chevalier with his patron saint St. Stephen
on the right:  Virgin and Child surreounded by Angels
(showing Charles VII's mistress Agnès Sorel)
Antwerp, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten

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EARLY GERMAN RENAISSANCE
(mid-1400s)
 

Stefan Lochner – The Virgin of the Rose Bush (c. 1440) oil on panel
Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz Museum

Konrad Witz – The Miraculous Draught of Fishes (1444) oil on panel
Geneva, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire


HIGH NETHERLANDISH 
(FLEMISH OR BELGIAN) RENAISSANCE
(Late  1400s - mid 1500s)
 


Hugo van  der Goes
(Flemish:  1440 - 1482)
 

Hugo van der Goes - right panel of the Portinari tryptich (c. 1475) Oil on panel
(Maria and Margherita Portinari protected by Saint Mary Magdalene and Saint Margaret)
Florence, Galleria degli Uffizi

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Hans Memling
(Flemish:  c. 1440 - 1494)
 

Hans Memling – Triptych of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist (c. 1474-1479) oil on panel
Bruges, Hôpital Saint-Jean

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Hieronmus Bosch
(Flemish:  1450 - 1516)
 

Hieronymus Bosch – The Haywain (1500-1502) oil on panel triptych
(click on picture for larger version)
Madrid, Museo del Prado

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Gerard David
(Flemish:  c. 1460 -1523)
 

Gerard David – The Virgin among the Virgins (1509) oil on panel
Rouen, Musée des Beaux-Arts

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Quentin Metsys (or Massys)
(Flemish:  c. 1465 -1530)
 

Quentin Metsys – Money Changer and His Wife (1514) Oil on panel
Musée du Louvre, Paris

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Joachim Patinir
(Flemish:  c. 1480 - 1524)
 

Joachim Patinir - Charon crossing the Styx (c. 1520)
Madrid, Museo del Prado

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FRENCH HIGH RENAISSANCE
(Late 1400s to Mid 1500s)
 


Tomb of Philippe Pot, Seneschal of Burgundy (c. 1480)
From the abbey church of Citeaux
Paris, Musée du Louvre


Jean Clouet
(1480 - 1541)
 

Jean Clouet – François I (c. 1520-1525) oil on panel
Paris, Musée du Louvre

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GERMAN HIGH RENAISSANCE
(Late  1400s - mid 1500s)
 


Albrecht Dürer
(German:  1471 - 1528)
 

Albrecht Dürer, The Paumgartner Alterpiece (1498-1504)
with St. George (left) and St. Eustace (right)
(click on picture for larger version)
Munich, Alte Pinakothek

Albrecht Dürer - Emperor Charlemagne and Emperor Sigismund (c. 1512)
Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum

Albrecht Dürer - Madonna of the Pear (1512)
Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum

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Lucas Cranach the Elder
(German:  1472 - 1553)
 

Lucas Cranach the Elder - Martin Luther and his Wife Katharina von Bora
Milan, Museo Poldi Pezzoli

Lucas Cranach the Elder – The Ill-Matched Couple (1532) oil on wood
Stockholm, The National Museum

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Matthias Grünewald
(German:  c. 1475 - c. 1528)
 

Matthias Grünewald – The Isenheim Tryptych: The Crucifixion (1512-1516)
Monastery of the Antonites, Isenheim (Upper Rhine) oil on panel
Colmar, Museum Unter den Linden

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Hans Holbein the Younger
(German:  1497 - 1543)
 

Hans Holbein the Younger – Lady with a Squirrel and a Starling (1527-8) oil on oak
London, National Gallery

Hans Holbein the Younger – Henry VIII (1539-40) oil on panel
Galleria Nazionale, Rome

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Other Northern European Renaissance Artists
 

Gregor Erhart – St. Mary Magdalene (early 1500s) painted wood
Paris, Musée du Louvre

(attributed to Jean Pichore) – Miniature depicting Anne of Brittany receiving from Antoine Dufour
the manuscript praising famous women (c. 1506)
Nantes, Musée Dobrée


Architecture
 

Brussels Grand Place and Town Hall (begun in the early 1400s)


Chaumont-sur-Loire castle (second half of 1400s and early 1500s)


The Chateau at Chambord, France (built in the early 1500s by François I)


The square court (la cour carrée) of the Louvre, Paris (built in the early 1500s by François I)


The Chateau of Fontainebleau


The Chateau de Blois

From left to right: the Gaston d'Orléans classic (1600s) wing, the François I Renaissance (1500s) wing, and the Louis XII Gothic or flamboyant (1400s) wing

The Great Stairway of the François I wing, Chateau de Blois (1515-1524)


The Chateau de Chenonceau (early-mid 1500s)


The 'Lady Chapel' of King Henry VII of England (early 1500s)
(addition to Westminster Cathedral)


The Escorial, Madrid

Continue on to the Next Section: Late Renaissance

Miles H. Hodges - 2014