Geneva, Switzerland-Center of ProtestantReform(mid 1500s)"OUR STORY"

2.  Exodus:  Moses and the Hebrews

Why did Moses fail to be a Hebrew leader as a young man?
  • Read Exodus 2:11-22:  Moses' early attempt to be the Hebrews' deliverer
  • Remember that Moses was brought up as an Egyptian prince.
  • But somewhere along life's way he discovered that he was truly a Hebrew (perhaps from his mother or sister)
  • What do you think caused him to want to take leadership over the Hebrew people?
  • How did his first effort to be their leader end up?
  • What was Moses forced to do to save himself?
  • How do you think he felt about this disaster?

Why was Moses called as an old man to deliver the Hebrews from slavery?
  • Read Exodus 2:23 -3:14:  God's call to Moses to free the Hebrews
  • How had Moses changed over the years?
  • What was he doing when God came calling?
  • What was his reaction this time to the call to take leadership over the Hebrews? (Exodus 4:10-17)
  • Why do you suppose he was now more the way God wanted him to be for the task?
  • What exactly was it that God had Moses do to convince Pharaoh to free the Hebrews from slavery? (Exodus 7-10)
    • The Nile River turned into blood
    • The plague of frogs
    • The plague of gnats
    • The swarm of flies
    • The death of the Egyptian cattle
    • The boils and sores
    • The hail and fire
    • The plague of locusts
    • The three days' darkness
  • Why do you suppose that it took so many efforts to convince Pharaoh to let the Hebrews go? Why would God want to harden Pharaoh's heart against Moses?
  • Why do you suppose that the "pass over" of the angel of death was the final act in this drama? (exodus 12:29-36)
  • What were the miracles that God performed for the Hebrews as they entered the wilderness? (Exodus 14, 16 and 17)
    • the parting of the Sea and the drowning of the Egyptian army
    • the quail and the manna (bread)
    • the water from the rock
    • the defeat of the Amalekites
  • Did this make unshakable believers out of the Hebrews?  Why did they do so much complaining?

What was the covenant God made with the Hebrews in the wilderness?
  • Read Exodus 20:1-20:  the 10 commandments
  • Remember how once the Hebrews were free of Pharaoh, God called Moses to the top of Mount Sinai--to receive a set of Laws God was granting to this motley crew?
  • Why were the 10 commandments and the Law important gifts of God to the Hebrews?
    • They really had no government or society of their own
    • They needed to know how to behave as a distinct people or nation called "Israel"
    • They needed to know how to build their new lives lives around service to God and to their fellow Hebrew
  • What were the two main sections of the 10 commandments?
    • The laws concerning right relations with God
    • The laws concerning right relations with other people
  • What did the Hebrews do that forced Moses to return to the mountain to get a second copy of the commandments? (Exodus 32:1-14)
    • They thought Moses was perhaps dead because he had been up the mountain so long
    • They asked his brother Aaron to design them an idol (golden calf) they could worship
    • Finally coming down from the mountain, Moses discovered theHebrews worshiping the idol--and got so furious that he smashed the stone tablets that God had written the 10 commandments on
  • Why did the Hebrews need Moses as an "intercessor" before God?

Why did that first generation fail to enter the Promised Land?
  • Read Numbers 13:17 - 14:23:  the Israelites become afraid to enter the Promised Land
  • Remember that God told the Hebrews/Israelites to send spies into the Promised Land to study the Promised Land before they entered it.  Why?
  • How did the Israelites react to the report brought back by the spies?
  • Why did their reaction get God so angry?
  • How did Moses talk God out of his plan?
  • What did God finally determine to do about the faithlessness of the Israelites?

What later happened to Moses?
  • Read Numbers 20:1- 13
  • What did Moses do when God asked him to speak to the rock in order to make water flow from it?
  • Wasn't this a form of taking matters into his own hands--like what he did when he was a young man?
  • What did God say to him about his behavior?
  • Why do you suppose God was so tough in this matter?
  • Did you think that God stuck with his decision?

Continue on to the next section:  3. Judges and Kings
Return to the home page: The Spiritual Pilgrim

  Miles H. Hodges