DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA
by Alexis de Tocqueville
Translated by Henry Reeve
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I-Pre The Author's Preface.
I-1 The Exterior Form of North America
I-2 Origin of the Anglo-Americans, and the Importance of this Origin in Relation to their Future Condition.
I-3 Social Condition of the Anglo-Americans.
I-4 The Principle of the Sovereignty of the People of North America.
I-5 The Necessity of Examining the Condition of the States Before that of the Union at Large.
I-6 Judicial Power in the United States and its Influence on Political Society.
I-7 Political Jurisdiction in The United States.
I-8 The Federal Constitution.
I-Pre-2 Preface to Volume I, pt. 2.
I-9 How it can be Strictly Said That the People Govern in The United States.
I-10 Parties in The United States
I-11 Liberty of the Press in The United States.
I-12 Political Associations in The United States.
I-13 Government of the Democracy in The United States.
I-14 What are the Advantages which American Society Derives from a Democratic Government?
I-15 Unlimited Power of the Majority in The United States, and its Consequences.
I-16 Causes which Mitigate the Tyranny of the Majority in The United States.
I-17 Principal Causes which Serve to Maintain the Democratic Republic in The United States.
I-18 The Present and Probably Future Condition of the Three Races that Inhabit the Territory of The United
II_I-Pre Preface to the Second Volume.
Influence of Democracy on the Action of Intellect in The United States
II_I_1 Philosophical Method of The Americans.
II_I_2 Of the Principal Source of Belief Among Democratic Nations.
II_I_3 Why the Americans Show More General Aptitude and Taste for General Ideas
than their Forefathers, The English.
II_I_4 Why the Americans have never been so Eager as the French for General Ideas in Political Affairs.
II_I_5 How Religion in The United States Avails itself of Democratic Tendencies.
II_I_6 The Progress of Roman Catholicism in The United States,
II_I_7 What Causes Democratic Nations to Incline toward Pantheism,
II_I_8 How Equality Suggests to the Americans the Indefinite Perfectibility of Man.
II_I_9 The Example of the Americans does not Prove that a Democratic People can have no
Aptitude and no Taste for Science, Literature, or Art.
II_I_10 Why the Americans are more Addicted to Practical rather than Theoretical Science.
II_I_11 In What Spirit the Americans Cultivate the Arts.
II_I_12 Why the Americans Raise Some Insignificant Monuments and Others that are Very Grand.
II_I_13 Literary Characteristics of Democratic Times.
II_I_14 The Trade of Literature.
II_I_15 The Study of Greek and Latin Literature is Peculiarly Useful in The United States.
II_I_16 How American Democracy has Modified the English Language.
II_I_17 Of Some Sources of Poetry Among Democratic Nations.
II_I_18 Why American Writers and Orators Use an Inflated Style.
II_I_19 Some Observations of the Drama among Democratic Nations.
II_I_20 Some Characteristics of Historians in Democratic Times.
II_I_21 On Parliamentary Eloquence in The United States.
Influence of Democracy on the Feelings of Americans
II_II_1 Why Democratic Nations Show a more Ardent and Enduring Love of Equality than of Liberty.
II_II_2 Of Individualism in Democratic Countries.
II_II_3 Individualism Strong at the Close of a Democratic Revolution than at Other Periods.
II_II_4 That the Americans Combat the Effects of Individualism with Free Institutions.
II_II_5 Of the Uses which the Americans Make of Public Associations.
II_II_6 Of the Relation of Public Associations and the Newspapers.
II_II_7 Relation of Civil to Political Associations.
II_II_8 How the Americans Combat Individualism by the Principle of Self-Interest Rightly Understood.
II_II_9 That the Americans Apply the Principle of Self-interest Rightly Understood to Religions Matters.
II_II_10 Of the Taste for Physical Well-being in America.
II_II_11 Peculiar Effects of the Love of Physical Gratification in Democratic Times.
II_II_12 Why Some Americans Manifest a Sort of Spiritual Fanaticism.
II_II_13 Why the Americans are so Restless in the Midst of their Prosperity.
II_II_14 How the Taste for Physical Gratification's is United in America to Love of Freedom
and Attention to Public Affairs.
II_II_15 How Religious Belief Sometimes Turns Americans to Immaterial Pleasures.
II_II_16 How Excessive Care for Worldly Welfare may Impair that Welfare.
II_II_17 How, When Conditions are Equal and Skepticism is Rife, it is Important to Direct
Human Actions to Distant Objects.
II_II_18 Why Among the Americans All Honest Callings are Considered Honorable.
II_II_19 What Causes Almost All Americans to Follow an Industrial Calling.
II_II_20 How an Aristocracy may be Created by Manufactures.
Influence of Democracy on Manners Properly so Called
II_III_1 How Customs are Softened as Social Conditions become more Equal.
II_III_2 How Democracy Renders the Social Intercourse of the Americans Free and Easy.
II_III_3 Why the Americans Show so Little Sensitiveness in their own Country and are so Sensitive in Europe.
II_III_4 Consequences of the Preceding Three Chapters.
II_III_5 How Democracy Affects the Relations of Masters and Servants.
II_III_6 How Democratic Institutions and Manners Tend to Raise Rents and Shorten the Terms of Leases.
II_III_7 Influence of Democracy on Wages.
II_III_8 Influence of Democracy on the Family.
II_III_9 Education of Young Women in The United States.
II_III_10 The Young Woman in the Character of the Wife.
II_III_11 How Equality of Condition Contributes in America to Good Morals.
II_III_12 How Americans Understand the Equality of the Sexes.
II_III_13 How the Principle of Equality Naturally Divides the Americans into a Multitude of Small Circles.
II_III_14 Some Reflections on American Manners.
II_III_15 Of the Gravity of the Americans and why it does not Prevent them from often doing
II_III_16 Why the National Vanity of the Americans is more Restless and Captious than that of the English.
II_III_17 How the Aspect of Society in The United States is at once Excited and Monotonous.
II_III_18 Of Honor in The United States and in Democratic Communities.
II_III_19 Why so many Ambitious Men and so Little Lofty Ambition are to be Found in The United States.
II_III_20 The Trade of Place-hunting in Certain Democratic Societies.
II_III_21 Why Great Revolutions Will become More Rare.
II_III_22 Why Democratic Nations Naturally Desire Peace, and Democratic Armies, War.
II_III_23 Which is the Most Warlike and Revolutionary Class in Democratic Armies .
II_III_24 Causes Which Render Democratic Armies Weaker than Other Armies at the Outset
of a Campaign, and More Formidable in Protracted Warfare.
II_III_25 Of Discipline in Democratic Armies.
II_III_26 Some Considerations on War in Democratic Communities.
Influence of Democratic Ideas and Feelings on Political Society
II_IV 1 Influence of Democratic Ideas and Feelings on Political Society.
II_IV 2 That the Opinions of Democratic Nations about Government are Naturally Favorable
to the Concentration of Power.
II_IV 3 That the Sentiments of Democratic Nations Accord with their Opinions in Leading them
to Concentrate Political Power.
II_IV 4 Of Certain Peculiar and Accidental Causes which either Lead a People to Complete
the Centralization of Government or Divert them from it.
II_IV 5 That Among the European Nations of our Time the Sovereign Power is Increasing,
Although the Sovereigns are Less Stable.
II_IV 6 What sort of Despotism Democratic Nations have to Fear.
II_IV 7 Continuation of the Preceding Chapters.
II_IV 8 General Survey of the Subject,
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