by William Bradford


Book One / Ch. 7 to 10

The 7. Chap.

Of their departure from Leyden, and other things ther

       aboute, with their arivall at South hamton, were they

       all mete togeather, and tooke in ther provissions.

   AT length, after much travell and these debats, all

things were got ready and provided.  A smale ship!

was bought, & fitted in Holand, which was intended as

*He was a minister.               !Of some 60 tune.

72                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. VII.

to serve, to help to transport them, so to stay in ye

cuntrie and atend upon fishing and shuch other affairs

as might be for ye good & benefite of ye colonie when

they came ther.  Another was hired at London, of

burden about 9. score; and all other things gott in

readines.  So being ready to departe, they had a day

of solleme humiliation, their pastor taking his texte

from Ezra 8. 21.  And ther at ye river, by Ahava, I

proclaimed a fast, that we might humble ourselves before

our God, and seeke of him a right way for us, and

for our children, and for all our substance.  Upon which

he spente a good parte of ye day very profitably, and

suitable to their presente occasion.  The rest of the

time was spente in powering out prairs to ye Lord with

great fervencie, mixed with abundance of tears.  And

ye time being come that they must departe, they were

accompanied with most of their brethren out of ye

citie, unto a towne sundrie miles of called Delfes-Haven,

wher the ship lay ready to receive them.  So they lefte

yt goodly & pleasante citie, which had been ther resting

place near 12. years; but they knew they were pil-

grimes,* & looked not much on those things, but lift

up their eyes to ye heavens, their dearest cuntrie, and

quieted their spirits.  When they [37] came to ye

place they found ye ship and all things ready; and

shuch of their freinds as could not come with them

followed after them, and sundrie also came from Am-

*Heb. 11.

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                73

sterdame to see them shipte and to take their leave

of them.  That night was spent with litle sleepe by

ye most, but with freindly entertainmente & christian

discourse and other reall expressions of true christian

love.  The next day, the wind being faire, they wente

aborde, and their freinds with them, where truly dolfull

was ye sight of that sade and mournfull parting; to see

what sighs and sobbs and praires did sound amongst

them, what tears did gush from every eye, & pithy

speeches peirst each harte; that sundry of ye Dutch

strangers yt stood on ye key as spectators, could not

refraine from tears.  Yet comfortable & sweete it was

to see shuch lively and true expressions of dear & un-

fained love.  But ye tide (which stays for no man),

caling them away yt were thus loath to departe, their

Reved:  pastor falling downe on his knees, (and they

all with him,) with watrie cheeks comended them with

most fervente praiers to the Lord and his blessing. 

And then with mutuall imbrases and many tears, they

tooke their leaves one of an other; which proved to

be ye last leave to many of them.

      Thus hoysing saile,* with a prosperus winde they

came in short time to Southhamton, wher they found

the bigger ship come from London, lying ready, wth

all the rest of their company.  After a joyfull well-

come, and mutuall congratulations, with other frendly

entertainements, they fell to parley aboute their bussi-

*This was about 22. of July.

74                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. VII.

nes, how to dispatch with ye best expedition; as allso

with their agents, aboute ye alteration of ye conditions.

Mr. Carver pleaded he was imployed hear at Hamton,

and knew not well what ye other had don at London.

Mr. Cushman answered, he had done nothing but what

he was urged too, partly by ye grounds of equity, and

more espetialy by necessitie, other wise all had bene

dasht and many undon.  And in ye begining he

aquainted his felow agents here with, who consented

unto him, and left it to him to execute, and to receive

ye money at London and send it downe to them at

Hamton, wher they made ye provissions; the which he

accordingly did, though it was against his minde, &

some of ye marchants, yt they were their made.  And

for giveing them notise at Leyden of this change, he

could not well in regarde of ye shortnes of ye time;

againe, he knew it would trouble them and hinder

ye bussines, which was already delayed overlong in

regard of ye season of ye year, which he feared they

would find to their cost.  But these things gave not

contente at presente.  Mr. Weston, likwise, came up

from London to see them dispatcht and to have ye

conditions confirmed; but they refused, and answered

him, that he knew right well that these were not

according to ye first agreemente, neither could they

yeeld to them without ye consente of the rest that

were behind.  And indeed they had spetiall charge

when they came away, from the cheefe of those that

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                75

were behind, not to doe it. At which he was much

offended, and tould them, they must then looke to

stand on their owne leggs.  So he returned in dis-

pleasure, and this was ye first ground of discontent

betweene them.  And wheras ther wanted well near

100li. to clear things at their going away, he would

not take order to disburse a penie, but let them shift

as they could.  [38]  So they were forst to selle of

some of their provissions to stop this gape, which

was some 3. or 4. score firkins of butter, which com-

oditie they might best spare, haveing provided too

large a quantitie of yt kind.  Then they write a leter

to ye marchants & adventures aboute ye diferances

concerning ye conditions, as foloweth.

Aug. 3. Ano: 1620.

    Beloved freinds, sory we are that ther should be occasion

of writing at all unto you, partly because we ever expected

to see ye most of you hear, but espetially because ther should

any differance at all be conceived betweene us.  But seing

it faleth out that we cannot conferr togeather, we thinke it

meete (though brefly) to show you ye just cause & reason of

our differing from those articles last made by Robart Cushman,

without our comission or knowledg.  And though he might

propound good ends to himselfe, yet it no way justifies his

doing it.  Our maine diference is in ye 5. & 9. article, con-

cerning ye deviding or holding of house and lands; the injoy-

ing wherof some of your selves well know, was one spetiall

motive, amongst many other, to provoke us to goe.  This

was thought so reasonable, yt when ye greatest of you in

adventure (whom we have much cause to respecte), when he

76                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. VII.

propounded conditions to us freely of his owne accorde, he

set this downe for one; a coppy wherof we have sent unto

you, with some additions then added by us; which being

liked on both sids, and a day set for ye paimente of moneys,

those of Holland paid in theirs.  After yt, Robart Cushman,

Mr. Peirce, & Mr. Martine, brought them into a better forme,

& write them in a booke now extante; and upon Robarts

shewing them and delivering Mr. Mullins a coppy therof under

his hand (which we have), he payd in his money.  And we

of Holland had never seen other before our coming to Hamton,

but only as one got for him selfe a private coppy of them;

upon sight wherof we manyfested uter dislike, but had put

of our estats & were ready to come, and therfore was too late

to rejecte ye vioage.  Judge therfore we beseech you indifer-

ently of things, and if a faulte have bene comited, lay it wher

it is, & not upon us, who have more cause to stand for ye one,

then you have for ye other.  We never gave Robart Cushman

comission to make anyone article for us, but only sent him

to receive moneys upon articles before agreed on, and to

further ye provissions till John Carver came, and to assiste

him in it.  Yet since you conceive your selves wronged as

well as we, we thought meete to add a branch to ye end of

our 9. article, as will allmost heale that wound of it selfe,

which you conceive to be in it.  But that it may appeare to

all men yt we are not lovers of our selves only, but desire

also ye good & inriching of our freinds who have adventured

your moneys with our persons, we have added our last article

to ye rest, promising you againe by leters in ye behalfe of the

whole company, that if large profits should not arise within

ye 7. years, yt we will continue togeather longer with you, if

ye Lord give a blessing.  This we hope is sufficente to satisfie

any in this case, espetialy freinds, since we are asured yt if

the whole charge was devided into 4. parts, 3. of them will

*It was well for them yt this was not accepted.

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.               77

not stand upon it, nether doe regarde it, &c.  We are in

shuch a streate at presente, as we are forced to sell away 60li.

worth of our provissions to cleare ye Haven, & withall put our

selves upon great extremities, scarce haveing any butter, no

oyle, not a sole to mend a shoe, [39] nor every man a sword

to his side, wanting many muskets, much armoure, &c.  And

yet we are willing to expose our selves to shuch eminente

dangers as are like to insue, & trust to ye good providence

of God, rather then his name & truth should be evill spoken

of for us.  Thus saluting all of you in love, and beseeching

ye Lord to give a blesing to our endeavore, and keepe all our

harts in ye bonds of peace & love, we take leave & rest,

Yours, &c.

Aug. 3. 1620.

     It was subscribed with many names of ye cheefest

of ye company.

     At their parting Mr. Robinson write a leter to ye

whole company, which though it hath already bene

printed, yet I thought good here likwise to inserte

it; as also a breefe Jeter writ at ye same time to Mr.

Carver, in which ye tender love & godly care of a true

pastor appears.

    My dear Brother, I received inclosed in your last leter

ye note of information, wch I shall carefuly keepe & make use

of as ther shall be occasion.  I have a true feeling of your

perplexitie of mind & toyle of body, but I hope that you who

have allways been able so plentifully to administer comforte

unto others in their trials, are so well furnished for your selfe

as that farr greater difficulties then you have yet undergone

(though I conceive them to have been great enough) cannot

78                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. VII.

oppresse you, though they press you, as ye Aspostle speaks.

The spirite of a man (sustained by ye spirite of God) will sus-

taine his infirmitie, I dout not so will yours.  And ye beter

much when you shall injoye ye presence & help of so many

godly & wise bretheren, for ye bearing of part of your burthen,

who also will not admitte into their harts ye least thought of

suspition of any ye least negligence, at least presumption, to

have been in you, what so ever they thinke in others.  Now

what shall I say or write unto you & your goodwife my loving

sister?  even only this, I desire (& allways shall) unto you

from ye Lord, as unto my owne soule; and assure your selfe

yt my harte is with you, and that I will not forslowe my bodily

coming at ye first oppertunitie.  I have writen a large leter to

ye whole, and am sorie I shall not rather speak then write to

them; & the more, considering ye wante of a preacher, which

I shall also make sume spurr to my hastening after you.  I

doe ever comend my best affection unto you, which if I thought

you made any doubte of, I would express in more, & ye same

more ample & full words.  And ye Lord in whom you trust &

whom you serve ever in this bussines & journey, guid you with

his hand, protecte you with his winge, and shew you & us his

salvation in ye end, & bring us in ye mean while togeather in

ye place desired, if shuch be his good will, for his Christs sake.

Amen.                                               Yours, &c.

July 27. 1620.                                                                Jo: R.

     This was ye last letter yt Mr. Carver lived to see

from him.  The other follows.

*Lovinge Christian friends, I doe hartily & in ye Lord salute

you all, as being they with whom I am presente in my best

*This letter is omitted in Governor Bradford's Collection of Letters.--


1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                79

affection, and most ernest longings after you, though I be

constrained for a while to be bodily absente from you.  I say

constrained, God knowing how willingly, & much rather then

otherwise, I would have borne my part with you in this first

brunt, were I not by strong necessitie held back for ye present.

Make accounte of me in ye mean while, as of a man devided in

my selfe with great paine, and as (naturall bonds set aside)

having my beter parte with [40] you.  And though I doubt

not but in your godly wisdoms, you both foresee & resolve

upon yt which concerneth your presente state & condition,

both severally & joyntly, yet have I thought it but my duty

to add some furder spurr of provocation unto them, who rune

allready, if not because you need it, yet because I owe it in

love & dutie.  And first, as we are daly to renew our repent-

ance with our God, espetially for our sines known, and gener-

ally for our unknowne trespasses, so doth ye Lord call us in

a singuler maner upon occasions of shuch difficultie & danger

as lieth upon you, to a both more narrow search & carefull

reformation of your ways in his sight; least he, calling to

remembrance our sines forgotten by us or unrepented of, take

advantage against us, & in judgmente leave us for ye same

to be swalowed up in one danger or other; wheras, on the

contrary, sine being taken away by ernest repentance & ye

pardon therof from ye Lord sealed up unto a mans conscience

by his spirite, great shall be his securitie and peace in all

dangers, sweete his comforts in all distresses, with hapie

deliverance from all evill, whether in life or in death.

     Now next after this heavenly peace with God & our owne

consciences, we are carefully to provide for peace with all men

what in us lieth, espetially with our associats, & for yt watch-

fullnes must be had, that we neither at all in our selves doe

give, no nor easily take offence being given by others.  Woe

be unto ye world for offences, for though it be necessarie (con-

sidermg ye malice of Satan & mans corruption) that offences

80                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. VII.

come, yet woe unto ye man or woman either by whom ye offence

cometh, saith Christ, Mat. 18. 7.  And if offences in ye un-

seasonable use of things in them selves indifferent, be more

to be feared then death itselfe, as ye Apostle teacheth, 1. Cor.

9. 15. how much more in things simply evill, in which neither

honour of God nor love of man is thought worthy to be re-

garded.  Neither yet is it sufficiente yt we keepe our selves

by ye grace of God from giveing offence, exepte withall we be

armed against ye taking of them when they be given by others.

For how unperfect & lame is ye work of grace in yt person,

who wants charritie to cover a multitude of offences, as ye

scriptures speake.  Neither are you to be exhorted to this

grace only upon ye com one grounds of Christianitie, which

are, that persons ready to take offence, either wante charitie,

to cover offences, of wisdome duly to waigh humane frailtie;

or lastly, are grosse, though close hipocrites, as Christ our

Lord teacheth, Mat. 7. 1, 2, 3, as indeed in my owne expe-

rience, few or none have bene found which sooner give offence,

then shuch as easily take it; neither have they ever proved

sound & profitable members in societies, which have nurished

this touchey humor.  But besids these, ther are diverse motives

provoking you above others to great care & conscience this

way:  As first, you are .many of you strangers, as to ye per-

sons, so to ye infirmities one of another, & so stand in neede

of more watchfullnes this way, least when shuch things fall

out in men & women as you suspected not, you be inordinatly

affected with them; which doth require at your hands much

wisdome & charitie for ye covering & preventing of incident

offences that way.  And lastly, your intended course of civill

comunitie will minister continuall occasion of offence, & will

be as fuell for that fire, excepte you dilligently quench it with

brotherly forbearance.  And if taking of offence causlesly or

easilie at mens doings be so carefuly to be avoyded, how much

more heed is to be taken yt we take not offence at God him

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                81

selfe, which yet we certainly doe so ofte as we doe murmure

at his providence in our crosses, or beare impatiently shuch

afflictions as wherwith he pleaseth to visite us.  Store up

therfore patience against ye evill day, without which we take

offence at ye Lord him selfe in his holy & just works.

     A  4. thing ther is carfully to be provided for, to witte, that

with your comone imployments you joyne comone affections

truly bente upon ye generall good, avoyding as a deadly

[41] plague of your both comone & spetiall comfort all re-

tirednes of minde for proper advantage, and all singularly

affected any maner of way; let every man represe in him

selfe & ye whol body in each person, as so many rebels

against ye comone good, all private respects of mens selves,

not sorting with ye generall conveniencie.  And as men are

carfull not to have a new house shaken with any violence

before it be well setled & ye parts firmly knite, so be you,

I beseech you, brethren, much more carfull, yt the house of

God which you are, and are to be, be not shaken with un-

necessarie novelties or other oppositions at ye first setting


     Lastly, wheras you are become a body politik, using amongst

your selves civill govermente, and are not furnished with any

persons of spetiall eminencie above ye rest, to be chosen by you

into office of goverment, let your wisdome & godlines appeare,

not only in chusing shuch persons as doe entirely love and will

promote ye comone good, but also in yeelding unto them all

due honour & obedience in their lawfull administrations; not

behoulding in them ye ordinarinesse of their persons, but Gods

ordinance for your good, not being like ye foolish multitud

who more honour ye gay coate, then either ye vertuous minde

of ye man, or glorious ordinance of ye Lord.  But you know

better things, & that ye image of ye Lords power & authontie

which ye magistrate beareth, is honourable, in how meane per-

sons soever.  And this dutie you both may ye more willingly

82                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. VII.

and ought ye more conscionably to performe, because you are

at least for ye present to have only them for your ordinarie

governours, which your selves shall make choyse of for that


    Sundrie other things of importance I could put you in minde

of, and of those before mentioned, in more words, but I will

not so farr wrong your godly minds as to thinke you heedless

of these things, ther being also diverce among you so well able

to admonish both them selves & others of what concerneth

them.  These few things therfore, & ye same in few words,

I doe ernestly comend unto your care & conscience, joyning

therwith my daily incessante prayers unto ye Lord, yt he who

hath made ye heavens & ye earth, ye sea and all rivers of

waters, and whose providence is over all his workes, espetially

over all his dear children for good, would so guide & gard

you in your wayes, as inwardly by his Spirite, so outwardly

by ye hand of his power, as yt  both you & we also, for & with

you, may have after matter of praising his name all ye days of

your and our lives.  Fare you well in him in whom you

trust, and in whom I rest.

An unfained wellwiller of your hapie

success in this hopefull voyage,


     This letter, though large, yet being so frutfull in

it selfe, and suitable to their occation, I thought meete

to inserte in this place.

     All things being now ready, &. every bussines dis-

patched, the company was caled togeather, and this

letter read amongst them, which had good acceptation

with all, and after fruit with many.  Then they ordered

& distributed their company for either shipe, as they

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                83

conceived for ye best. And chose a Govr & 2. or 3.

assistants for each shipe, to order ye people by ye way,

and see to ye dispossing of there provissions, and shuch

like affairs.  All which was not only with ye liking

of ye maisters of ye ships, but according to their

desires.  Which being done, they sett sayle from

thence aboute ye 5. of August; but what befell them

further upon ye coast of England will appeare in ye

nexte chapter.

The 8. Chap. 

Off the troubls that befell them on the coaste, and at sea

        being forced, after much trouble, to leave one of ther

        ships & some of their companie behind them.

     [42] BEING thus put to sea they had not gone farr,

but Mr. Reinolds ye mr. of ye leser ship complained

that he found his ship so leak as he durst not put

further to sea till she was mended.  So ye mr. of ye

biger ship (caled Mr. Jonas) being consulted with, they

both resolved to put into Dartmouth & have her ther

searched & mended, which accordingly was done, to

their great charg & losse of time and a faire winde. 

She was hear thorowly searcht from steme to sterne,

some leaks were found & mended, and now it was

conceived by the workmen & all, that she was sufli-

ciente, & they might proceede without either fear or

danger.  So with good hopes from hence, they put

to sea againe, conceiving they should goe comfortably

84                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. VIII.

on, not looking for any more lets of this kind; but

it fell out otherwise; for after they were gone to sea

againe above 100. leagues without the Lands End,

houlding company togeather all this while, the mr. of

ye small ship complained his ship was so leake as he

must beare up or sinke at sea, for they could scarce

free her with much pumping.  So they came to con-

sultation againe, and resolved both ships to bear up

backe againe & put into Plimoth, which accordingly

was done.  But no spetiall leake could be founde, but

it was judged to be ye generall weaknes of ye shipe,

and that shee would not prove sufficiente for the voiage.

Upon which it was resolved to dismise her & parte of

ye companie, and proceede with ye other shipe.  The

which (though it was greevous, & caused great dis-

couragmente) was put in execution.  So after they

had tooke out such provission as ye other ship could

well stow, and concluded both what number and what

persons to send bak, they made another sad parting,

ye one ship going backe for London, and ye other was

to proceede on her viage.  Those that went bak were

for the most parte such as were willing so to doe,

either out of some discontente, or feare they conceived

of ye ill success of ye vioage, seeing so many croses

befale, & the year time so farr spente; but others, in

regarde of their owne weaknes, and charge of many

yonge children, were thought least usefull, and most

unfite to bear ye brunte of this hard adventure; unto

1620.]        PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                   85

which worke of God, and judomente of their brethern,

they were contented to submite.  And thus, like Gedions

armie, this small number was devided, as if ye Lord by

this worke of his providence thought these few to many

for ye great worke he had to doe.  But here by the way,

let me show, how afterward it was found yt the leaknes

of this ship was partly by being, over masted, and too

much pressed with sayles; for after she was sould &

put into her old trime, she made many viages & per-

formed her service very sufficiently, to ye great profite

of her owners.  But more espetially, by the cuning &

deceite of ye mr. & his company, who were hired to

stay a whole year in ye cuntrie, and now fancying dis-

like & fearing wante of victeles, they ploted this strate-

gem to free them selves; as afterwards was knowne, &

by some of them confessed.  For they apprehended

yt the greater ship, being of force, & in whom most

of ye provissions were stowed, she would retayne

enough for her selfe, what soever became of them or

ye passengers; & indeed shuch speeches had bene cast

out by some of them; and yet, besids other incourag-

ments, ye cheefe of them that canoe from Leyden wente

in this shipe to give ye mr. contente.  But so strong

was self love &, his fears, as he forgott all duty and

[43] former kindnesses, & delt thus falsly with them,

though he pretended otherwise.  Amongest those that

returned was Mr. Cushman & his families whose hart

& courage was gone from them before, as it seems,

86                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. VIII.

though his body was with them till now he departed;

as may appear by a passionate letter he write to a

freind in London from Dartmouth, whilst ye ship lay

ther a mending; the which, besids ye expressions of his

owne fears, it shows much of ye providence of God work-

ing for their good beyonde man's expectation, & other

things concerning their condition in these streats. I will

hear relate it.  And though it discover some infirmities

in him (as who under temtation is free), yet after this he

continued to be a spetiall instrumente for their good, and

to doe ye offices of a loving freind & faithfull brother

unto them, and pertaker of much comforte with them.

      The letter is as followth.

To his loving friend Ed: S.* at Henige House in ye Duks Place,

         these, &c.

Dartmouth, Aug. 17.

      Loving friend, my most kind remembrance to you & your

wife, with loving E. M. &c. whom in this world I never looke

to see againe.  For besids ye eminente dangers of this viage,

which are no less then deadly, an infirmitie of body hath ceased

me, which will not in all licelyhoode leave me till death.  What

to call it I know not, but it is a bundle of lead, as it were,

crushing my harte more & more these 14. days, as that all-

though I doe ye acctions of a liveing man, yet I am but as

dead; but ye will of God be done.  Our pinass will not cease.

leaking, els I thinke we had been halfe way at Virginia,

our viage hither hath been as full of crosses, as our selves

have been of crokednes.  We put in hear to trime her, & I

    * In Governor Bradford's Collection of Letters, this is Edward Southworth.--


1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.               87

thinke; as others also, if we had stayed at sea but 3. or 4. howers

more, shee would have sunke right downe.  And

though she was twise trimed at Hamton, yet now shee is

open and leakie as a seive; and ther was a borde, a man

might have puld of with his fingers, 2 foote longe, wher

ye water came in as at a mole hole.  We lay at Hamton 7.

days, in fair weather, waiting for her, and now we lye hear

waiting for her in as faire a wind as can blowe, and so have

done these 4. days, apd are like to lye 4. more, and by yt

time ye wind will happily turne as it did at Hampton.  Our

victualls will be halfe eaten up, I thinke, before we goe from

the coaste of England, and if our viage last longe, we shall

not have a months victialls when we come in ye countrie.

Neare 700li. hath bene bestowed at Hampton, upon what I

know not.  Mr. Martin saith he neither can nor will give

any accounte of it, and if he be called upon for accounts

he clieth out of unthankfullnes for his paines & care, that

we are susspitious of him, and flings away, & will end noth-

ing.  Also he so insulteh over our poore people, with shuch

scorne & contempte, as if they were not good enough to wipe

his shoes.  It would break your hart to see his dealing,* and

ye mourning of our people.  They complaine to me, & alass!

I can doe nothing for them; if I speake to him, he flies

in my face, as mutinous, and saith no complaints shall be

heard or received but by him selfe, and saith they are for-

warde, & waspish, discontented people, & I doe ill to hear

them.  Ther are others yt would lose all they have put in,

or make satisfaction for what they have had, that they might

departe; but he will not hear them, nor suffer them to goe

ashore, least they should rune away.  The sailors also are

so offended at his ignorante bouldnes, in medling & con-

trouling in things he knows not what belongs too, as yt some

threaten to mischeefe him, others say they will leave ye shipe

*He was governonr in ye biger ship, & Mr. Cnshman assistante.

88                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. VIII.

& goe their way. But at ye best this cometh of it, yt he maks

him selfe a Scorne & laughing stock unto them.  As for Mr.

Weston, excepte grace doe greatly swaye with him, he will

hate us ten times more then ever he loved us, for not con-

firming ye conditions.  But now, since some pinches have

taken them, they begine to reveile ye trueth, & say Mr. Robin-

son was in ye falte who charged them never to consente to

those conditions, nor chuse me into office, but indeede apointed

them to chose them they did chose.  But he & they will rue

too late, they may [44] now see, & all be ashamed when it

is too late, that they were so ignorante, yea, & so inordinate

in their courses.  I am sure as they were resolved not to seale

those conditions, I was not so resolute at Hampton to have left

ye whole bussines, excepte they would seale them, & better ye

vioage to have bene broken of then, then to have brought such

miserie to our selves, dishonour to God, & detrimente to our

loving freinds, as now it is like to doe.  4. or 5. of ye cheefe of

them which came from Leyden, came resolved never to goe

on those conditions.  And Mr. Martine, he said he never re-

ceived no money on those conditions, he was not beholden to

ye marchants for a pine, they were bloudsuckers, & I know not

what.  Simple man, he indeed never made any conditions wth

the marchants, nor ever spake with them.  But did all that

money flie to Hampton, or was it his owne?  Who will goe &

layout money so rashly & lavishly as he did, and never know

how he comes by it, or on what conditions?  21y.  I tould him

of ye alteration longe agoe, & he was contente;  but now he

dominires, & said I had betrayed them into ye hands of slaves;

he is not beholden to them, he can set out 2. ships him selfe

to a viage.  When, good man? He hath but 50li. in, & if he

should give up his accounts he would not have a penie left

him, as I am persuaded, ! &c.  Freind, if ever we make a

*I thinke he was deceived in these things.

! This was found true afterward.

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                89

plantation, God works a mirakle; especially considering how

scante we shall be of victualls, and most of all ununited

amongst our selves, & devoyd of good tutors & regimente.

Violence will break all.  Wher is ye meek & humble spirite

of Moyses?  & of Nehemiah who reedified ye wals of Jerusa-

lem, & ye state of Israell?  Is not ye sound of Rehoboams

braggs daly hear amongst us?  Have not ye philosophers and

all wise men observed yt, even in setled comone welths, vio-

lente governours bring either them selves, or people, or boath,

to ruine; how much more in ye raising of comone wealths,

when ye morter is yet scarce tempered yt should bind ye

wales.  If I should write to you of all things which pro-

miscuously fore rune our ruine, I should over charge my

weake head and greeve your tender hart; only this I pray you pre-

pare for evill tidings of us every day.  But pray for us in-

stantly, it may be ye Lord will be yet entreated one way or

other to make for us.  I see not in reason how we shall

escape even ye gasping of hunger starved persons; but God

can doe much, & his will be done.  It is better for me to

dye, then now for me to bear it, which I doe daly, & ex-

pecte it howerly; haveing received ye sentance of death,

both within me & without me.  Poore William King & my

selfe doe strive* who shall be meate first for ye fishes; but

we looke for a glorious resurrection, knowing Christ Jesus

after ye flesh no more, but looking unto ye joye yt is before

us, we will endure all these things and accounte them light

in comparison of yt joye we hope for.  Remember me in all

love to our freinds as if I named them, whose praiers I

desire ernestly, & wish againe to see, but not till I can with

more comforte looke them in ye face.  The Lord give us

that true comforte which none can take from us. I had a

desire to make a breefe relation of our estate to some freind.

   *  In the manuscript it is "strive dayly," but a pen has been drawn through

the latter word.

90                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. IX.

I doubte not but your wisdome will teach you seasonably to

utter things as here after you shall be called to it.  That

which I have writen is treue, & many things more which I

have forborne.  I write it as upon my life, and last confes-

sion in England.  What is of use to be spoken [45] of

presently, you may speake of it, and what is fitt to conceile,

conceall.  Pass by my weake maner, for my head is weake,

& my body feeble, ye Lord make me strong in him, & keepe

both you & yours.

Your loving freind,


Dartmouth, Aug. 17. 1620.

     These being his conceptions & fears at Dartmouth,

they must needs be much stronger now at Plimoth.

The 9. Chap. 

Of their vioage, & how they passed ye sea, and of their

safe arrivall at Cape Codd.

SEPTR: 6. These troubls being blowne over, and now

all being compacte togeather in one shipe,* they put

to sea againe with a prosperus winde, which continued

diverce days togeather, which was some incourag-

mente unto them; yet according to ye usuall maner

many were afflicted with sea-sicknes.  And I may not

omite hear a spetiall worke of Gods providence.  Ther

was a proud & very profane yonge man, one of ye

sea-men, of a lustie, able body, which made him the

* For Governor Bradford's list of passengers in the Mayflower, see Appendix,


1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                91

more hauty; he would allway be contemning ye poore

people in their sicknes, & cursing them dayly with

greeous execrations, and "did not let to tell them, that

he hoped to help to cast halfe of them over board

before they came to their jurneys end, and to make

mery with what they had; and if he were by any

gently reproved, he would curse and swear most

bitterly.  But it plased God before they came halfe

seas over, to smite this yong man with a greeveous

disease, of which he dyed in a desperate maner, and

so was him selfe ye first yt was throwne overbord.

Thus his curses light on his owne head; and it was

an astonishmente to all his fellows, for they noted it

to be ye just hand of God upon him. 

     After they had injoyed faire winds and weather for

a season, they were incountred many times with crosse

winds, and mette with many feirce stormes, with which

ye shipe was shroudly shaken, and her upper works

made very leakie; and one of the maine beames in

ye midd ships was bowed & craked, which put them

in some fear that ye shipe could not be able to per-

forme ye vioage.  So some of ye cheefe of ye com-

pany, perceiveing ye mariners to feare ye suffisiencie

of ye shipe, as appeared by their mutterings, they

entred into serious consulltation with ye mr. & other

officers of ye ship, to consider in time of ye danger;

and rather to returne then to cast them selves into a

desperate & inevitable perill.  And truly ther was

92                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. IX.

great distraction & differance of opinion amongst ye

mariners them selves; faine would they doe what

could be done for their wages sake, (being now halfe

the seas over,) and on ye other hand they were loath

to hazard their lives too desperatly.  But in examen-

ing of all opinions, the mr. & others affirmed they

knew ye ship to be stronge & firme under water; and

for the buckling of ye maine beame, ther was a great

iron scrue ye passengers brought out of Holland, which

would raise ye beame into his place; ye which being

done, the carpenter & mr. affirmed that with a post

put under it, set firme in ye lower deck, & otherways

bounde, he would make it sufficiente.  And as for ye

decks & uper workes they would calke them as well

as they could, and though with ye workeing of ye ship

they [46] would not longe keepe stanch, yet ther

would otherwise be no great danger, if they did not

overpress her with sails.  So they comited them selves

to ye will of God, & resolved to proseede.  In sundrie

of these stormes the winds were so feirce, & ye seas

so high, as they could not beare a knote of saile, but

were forced to hull, for diverce days togither.  And

in one of them, as they thus lay at hull, in a mighty

storme, a lustie yonge man (called John Howland)

coming upon some occasion above ye grattings, was,

with a seele of ye shipe throwne into [ye] sea; but

it pleased God yt he caught hould of ye top-saile

halliards, which hunge over board, & rane out at

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION                 93

length; yet he held his hould (though he was sundrie

fadomes under water) till he was hald up by ye same

rope to ye brime of ye water, and then with a boat

hooke & other means got into ye shipe againe, & his

life saved; and though he was something ill with it,

yet he lived many years after, and became a profitable

member both in church & comone wealthe.  In all this

viage ther died but one of ye passengers, which was

William Butten, a youth, servant to Samuell Fuller,

when they drew near ye coast.  But to omite other

things, (that I may be breefe,) after longe beating at

sea they fell with that land which is called Cape Cod;

the which being made & certainly knowne to be it,

they were not a litle joyful.  After some deliberation

had amongst them selves & with ye mr. of ye ship, they

tacked aboute and resolved to stande for ye southward

(ye wind & weather being faire) to finde some place

aboute Hudsons river for their habitation.  But after

they had sailed yt course aboute halfe ye day, they

fell amongst deangerous shoulds and roring breakers,

and they were so farr intangled ther with as they

conceived them selves in great danger; & ye wind

shrinking upon them withall, they resolved to bear

up againe for the Cape, and thought them selves hapy

to gett out of those dangers before night overtooke

them, as by Gods providence they did.  And ye next

day they gott into ye Cape-harbor wher they ridd in

saftie.  A word or too by ye way of this cape; it was

94                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. IX.

thus first named by Capten Gosnole & his company, *

An°: 1602, and after by Capten Smith was caled Cape

James; but it retains ye former name amongst sea-

men.  Also yt pointe which first shewed those danger-

ous shoulds unto them, they called Pointe Care, &

Tuckers Terrour; but ye French & Dutch to this day

call it Malabarr, by reason of those perilous shoulds,

and ye losses they have suffered their.

     Being thus arived in a good harbor and brought safe

to land, they fell upon their knees & blessed ye God

of heaven, who had brought them over ye vast &

furious ocean, and delivered them from all ye periles &

miseries therof, againe to set their feete on ye firme

and stable earth, their proper elemente.  And no mar-

vell if they were thus joyefull, seeing wise Seneca

was so affected with sailing a few miles on ye coast

of his owne Italy; as he affirmed,!  that he had rather

remaine twentie years on his way by land, then pass

by sea to any place in a short time; so tedious &

dreadfull was ye same unto him.

     But hear I cannot but stay and make a pause, and

stand half amased at this poore peoples presente con-

dition; and so I thinke will the reader too, when he

well considers [47] ye same.  Being thus passed ye

vast ocean, and a sea of troubles before in their prep-

aration (as may be remembred by yt which wente

before), they had now no freinds to wellcome them,

*Because yey tooke much of yt fishe there          ! Epist: 53.

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                95

nor inns to entertaine or refresh their weatherbeaten

bodys, no houses or much less townes to repaire too,

to seeke for succoure.  It is recorded in scripture *

as a mercie to ye apostle & his shipwraked company,

yt the barbarians shewed them no smale kindnes in

refreshing them, but these savage barbarians, when

they mette with them (as after will appeare) were

readier to fill their sids full of arrows then other-

wise.  And for ye season it was winter, and they

that know ye winters of yt cuntrie know them to be

sharp & violent, & subjecte to cruell & feirce stormes,

deangerous to travill to known places, much more to

serch an unknown coast.  Besids, what could they see

but a hidious & desolate wildernes, full of wild beasts

& willd men?  and what multituds ther might be of

them they knew not.  Nether could they, as it were,

goe up to ye tope of Pisgah, to vew from this willder-

nes a more goodly cuntrie to feed their hops; for

which way soever they turnd their eys (save up-

ward to ye heavens) they could have litle solace or

content in respecte of any outward objects.  For

surner being done, all things stand upon them with

a wetherbeaten face; and ye whole countrie, full of

woods & thickets, represented a wild & savage heiw.

If they looked behind them, ther was ye mighty

ocean which they had passed, and was now as a

maine barr & goulfe to seperate them from all ye

*Act. 28.

96                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. IX.

civill parts of ye world.  If it be said they had a

ship to Sucour them, it is trew; but what heard

they daly from ye mr. & company?  but yt with

speede they should looke out a place with their

shallop, wher they would be at some near distance;

for ye season was shuch as he would not stirr from

thence till a safe harbor was discovered by them

wher they would be, and he might goe without

danger; and that victells consumed apace, but he

must & would keepe sufficient for them selves &

their returne.  Yea, it was muttered by some, that

if they gott not a place in time, they would turne

them & their goods ashore & leave them.  Let it

also be considred what weake hopes of supply &

succoure they left behinde them, yt might bear up

their minds in this sade condition and trialls they

were under; and they could not but be very smale.

It is true, indeed, ye affections & love of their

brethren at Leyden was cordiall & entire towards

them, but they had litle power to help them, or

them selves; and how ye case stode betweene them

& ye marchants at their coming away, hath allready

been declared.  What could now sustaine them but

ye spirite of God & his grace?  May not & ought

not the children of these fathers rightly say:  Our

faithers were Englishmen which came over this great

ocean, and were ready to perish in this willdernes;*

*Den: 26. 5, 7.

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                97

but they cried unto ye Lord, and he heard their voyce,

and looked on their adversitie, &c.  Let them therfore

praise ye Lord, because he is good,  & his mercies en-

durefor ever.  Yea, let them which have been redeemed

of ye Lord, shew how he hath delivered them from ye

hand of ye oppressour.  When they wandered in ye;

deserte willdernes out of ye way, and found no citie

to dwell in, both hungrie, & thirstie, their sowle was

overwhelmed in them.  Let them confess before ye Lord

his loving kindnes, and his wonderfull works before ye

sons of men.

The 10. Chap. 

Showing how they sought out a place of habitation, and

what befell them theraboute.

     [48] BEING thus arrived at Cap-Cod ye 11. of

November, and necessitie calling them to looke out

a place for habitation, (as well as the maisters &

mariners importunitie,) they having brought a large

shalop with them out of England, stowed in quarters

in ye ship, they now gott her out & sett their carpenters

to worke to trime her up; but being much brused &

shatered in ye shipe wth foule weather, they saw she

would be longe in mending.  Wherupon a few of

them tendered them selves to goe by land and dis-

covere those nearest places, whilst ye shallop was in

mending; and ye rather because as they wente into

*107 Psa: v.l, 2, 4, 5, 8.

98                        HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. X.

yt harbor ther seemed to be an opening some 2. or

3 leagues of, which ye maister judged to be a river. 

It was conceived ther might be some danger in ye

attempte, yet seeing them resolute, they were per-

mited to goe, being 16. of them well armed, under

ye conduct of Captain Standish, having shuch instruc-

tions given them as was thought meete.  They sett

forth ye 15. of Novebr: and when they had marched

aboute ye space of a mile by ye sea side, they espied

5. or 6. persons with a dogg coming towards them,

who were salvages; but they fled from them, & rane

up into ye woods, and ye English followed them,

partly to see if they could speake with them, and

partly to discover if ther might not be more of them

lying in ambush.  But ye Indeans seeing them selves

thus followed, they againe forsooke the woods, & rane

away on ye sands as hard as they could, so as they

could not come near them, but followed them by ye

tracte of their feet sundrie miles, and saw that they

had come the same way.  So, night coming on, they

made their randevous & set out their sentinels, and

rested in quiete yt night, and the next morning fol-

lowed their tracte till they had headed a great creake,

& so left the sands, & turned an other way into ye

woods.  But they still followed them by geuss, hope-

ing to find their dwellings; but they soone lost both

them & them selves, falling into shuch thickets as

were ready to tear their cloaths & armore in peeces,

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                99

but were most distresed for wante of drinke.  But

at length they found water & refreshed them selves

being ye first New-England water they drunke of, and

was now in thir great thirste as pleasante unto them

as wine or bear had been in for-times.  Afterwards

they directed their course to come to ye other [49]

shore, for they knew it was a necke of land they

were to crosse over, and so at length gott to ye

sea-side, and marched to this supposed river, & by

ye way found a pond of clear fresh water, and shortly

after a good quantitie of clear ground wher ye Indeans

had formerly set corne, and some of their graves. 

And proceeding furder they saw new-stuble wher

corne had been set ye same year, also they found

wher latly a house had been, wher some planks and

a great ketle was remaining, and heaps of sand newly

padled with their hands, which they, digging up, found

in them diverce faire Indean baskets filled with corne,

and some in eares, faire and good, of diverce collours,

which seemed to them a very goodly sight, (haveing

never seen any shuch before).  This was near ye place

of that supposed river they came to seeck; unto which

they wente and found it to open it selfe into 2. armes

with a high cliffe of sand in ye enterance, but more

like to be crikes of salte water then any fresh, for

ought they saw; and that ther was good harborige

for their shalope; leaving it further to be discovered

by their shalop when she was ready. So their time

100                      HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. X.

limeted them being expired, they returned to ye ship,

least they should be in fear of their saftie; and tooke

with them parte of ye corne, and buried up ye rest,

and so like ye men from Eshcoll carried with them

of ye fruits of ye land, & showed their breethren; of

which, & their returne, they were marvelusly glad, and

their harts incouraged.

      After this, ye shalop being got ready, they set out

againe for ye better discovery of this place, & ye mr.

of ye ship desired to goe him selfe, so ther went

some 30. men, but found it to be no harbor for

ships but only for boats; ther was allso found 2.

of their houses covered with matts, & sundrie of

their implements in them, but ye people were rune

away & could not be seen; also ther was found

more of their corne, & of their beans of various

collours.  The corne & beans they brought away,

purposing to give them full satisfaction when they

should meete with any of them (as about some 6.

months afterward they did, to their good contente).

And here is to be noted a spetiall providence of

God, and a great mercie to this poore people, that

hear they gott seed to plant them corne ye next

year, or els they might have starved, for they had

none, nor any liklybood to get any [50] till ye season

had beene past (as ye sequell did manyfest).  Neither

is it lickly they had had this, if ye first viage had

not been made, for the ground was now all covered

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                101

with snow, & hard frozen.  But the Lord is never

wanting unto his in their greatest needs; let his holy

name have all ye praise.

      The month of November being spente in these affairs,

& much foule weather falling in, the 6. of Desemr:  they

sente out their shallop againe with 10. of their prin-

cipall men, & some sea men, upon further discovery,

intending to circulate that deepe bay of Cap-codd. 

The weather was very could, & it frose so hard as

ye sprea of ye sea lighting on their coats, they were

as if they had been glased; yet that night betimes

they gott downe into ye botome of ye bay, and as

they drue nere ye shore they saw some 10. or 12.

Indeans very busie aboute some thing.  They landed

aboute a league or 2. from them, and had much a

doe to put a shore any wher, it lay so full of flats.

Being landed, it grew late, and they made them selves

a barricade with loggs & bowes as well as they could

in ye time, & set out their sentenill & betooke them

to rest, and saw ye smoake of ye fire ye savages made

yt night.  When morning was come they devided their

company, some to coaste along ye shore in ye boate,

and the rest marched throw ye woods to see ye land,

if any fit place might be for their dwelling.  They

came allso to ye place wher they saw the Indans ye

night before, & found they had been cuting up a great

fish like a grampus, being some 2. inches thike of

fate like a hogg, some peeces wher of they had left

102                      HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. X.

by ye way; and ye shallop found 2. more of these

fishes dead on ye sands, a thing usuall after storms

in yt place, by reason of ye great flats of sand that

lye of.  So they ranged up and doune all yt day,

but found no people, nor any place they liked.  When

ye sune grue low, they hasted out of ye woods to meete

with their shallop, to whom they made signes to come

to them into a creeke hardby, the which they did at

high water; of which they were very glad, for they had

not seen each other all yt day, since ye morning.  So

they made them a barricado (as usually they did every

night) with loggs, staks, & thike pine bowes, ye height

of a man, leaving it open to leeward, partly to shelter

them from ye could & wind (making their fire in ye

midle, & lying round aboute it), and partly to defend

them from any sudden assaults of ye savags, if they

should surround them.  So being very weary, they

betooke them to rest.  But aboute midnight, [51] they

heard a hideous & great crie, and their sentinell caled,

"Arme, arme"; so they bestired them & stood to their

armes, & shote of a cupple of moskets, and then the

noys seased.  They concluded it was a companie of

wolves, or such like willd beasts; for one of ye sea

men tould them he had often heard shuch a noyse in

New-found land.  So they rested till about 5. of ye

clock in the morning, for ye tide, & ther purposs to

goe from thence, made them be stiring betimes.  So

after praier they prepared for breakfast, and it being

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION                 103

day dawning, it was thought best to be earring things

downe to ye boate.  But some said it was not best

to carrie ye armes downe, others said they would be

the readier, for they had laped them up in their coats

from ye dew.  But some 3. or 4. would not cary

theirs till they wente them selves, yet as it fell out,

ye water being not high enough, they layed them

downe on ye banke side, & came up to breakfast. 

But presently, all on ye sudain, they heard a great

& strange crie, which they knew to be the same

voyces they heard in ye night, though they varied

their notes, & one of their company being abroad

came runing in, & cried, "Men, Indeans, Indeans";

and wthall, their arowes came flying amongst them.

Their men rane with all speed to recover their armes,

as by ye good providence of God they did.  In ye

mean time, of those that were ther ready, tow muskets

were discharged at them, & 2. more stood ready in

ye enterance of ther randevoue, but were comanded

not to shoote till they could take full aime at them;

& ye other 2. charged againe with all speed, for ther

were only 4. had armes ther, & defended ye baricado

which was first assalted.  The crie of ye lndeans was

dreadfull, espetially when they saw ther men rune out

of ye randevoue towourds ye shallop, to recover their

armes, the lndeans wheeling aboute upon them.  But

some runing out with coats of malle on, & cutlasses

in their hands, they soone got their armes, & let flye

104                      HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. X.

amongs them, and quickly stopped their violence.  Yet

ther was a lustie man, and no less valiante, stood be-

hind a tree within halfe a musket shot, and let his

arrows flie at them.  He was seen shoot 3. arrowes,

which were all avoyded.  He stood 3. shot of a

musket, till one taking full aime at him, and made

ye barke or splinters of ye tree :fly about his ears,

after which he gave an extraordinary shrike, and away

they wente all of them.  They left some to keep ye

shalop, and followed them aboute a quarter of a mille,

and shouted once or twise, and shot of 2. or 3. peces,

& so returned.  This they did, that they might con-

ceive that they were not [52] affrade of them or any

way discouraged.  Thus it pleased God to vanquish

their enimies, and give them deliverance; and by

his spetiall providence so to dispose that not any one

of them were either hurte, or hitt, though their

arrows came close by them, & on every side them,

and sundry of their coats, which hunge up in ye

barricado, were shot throw & throw.  Aterwards they

gave God sollamne thanks & praise for their deliver-

ance, & gathered up a bundle of their arrows, &

sente them into England afterward by ye mr. of ye

ship, and called that place ye first encounter.  From

hence they departed, & costed all along, but discerned

no place likly for harbor; & therfore hasted to a place

that their pillote, (one Mr. Coppin who had

bine in ye cuntrie before) did assure them was a good

1620.]         PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                 105

harbor, which he bad been in, and they might fetch

it before night; of which they were glad, for it be-

gane to be foule weather.  After some houres sailing,

it begane to snow & raine, & about ye midle of ye

afternoons, ye wind increased, & ye sea became very

rough, and they broake their rudder, & it was as much

as 2. men could doe to steere her with a cupple of

oares.  But their pillott bad them be of good cheere,

for he saw ye harbor; but ye storme increasing, &

night drawing on, they bore what saile they could to

gett in, while they could see.  But herwith they

broake their mast in 3. peeces, & their saill fell over

bord, in a very grown sea, so as they had like to

have been cast away; yet by Gods mercie they re-

covered them selves, & having ye floud with them

struck into ye harbore.  But when it came too, ye

pillott was deceived in ye place, and said, ye Lord

be mercifull unto them, for his evs never saw yt

place before; &, he & the mr. ate would have rune

her ashore, in a cove full of breakers, before ye winde.

But a lusty seaman which steered, bad those which

rowed, if they were men, about with her, or ell they

were all cast away; the which they did with speed.

So he bid them be of good cheere & row lustly, for

ther was a faire sound before them, & he doubted not

but they should find one place or other wher they

might ride in saftie.  And though it was very dark,

and rained sore, yet in ye end they gott, under ye lee

106                                HISTORY OF                        [CHAP. X.

of a smalle iland, and remained ther all yt night in

saftie.  But they knew not this to be an iland till

morning, but were derided in their minds; some would

keepe ye boate for fear they might be amongst ye

Indians; others were so weake and could, they could

not endure, but got a shore, & with much adoe got

fire, (all things being so wett,) and ye rest were glad

to come to them; for after midnight ye wind shifted

to the [53] north-west, & it frose hard.  But though

this had been a day & night of much trouble &

danger unto them, yet God gave them a morning of

comforte & refreshing (as usually he doth to his child-

dren), for ye next day was a faire sunshinig day, and

they found them sellvs to be on an iland secure from

ye Indeans, wher they might drie their stufe, fixe their

peeces, & rest them selves, and gave God thanks for

his mercies, in their manifould deliverances.  And this

being the last day of ye weeke, they prepared ther to

keepe ye Sabath.  On Munday they sounded ye harbor,

and founde it fitt for shipping; and marched into ye

land, & found diverse cornfeilds, & title runing brooks,

a place (as they supposed) fitt for situation; at least

it was ye best they could find, and ye season, & their

presente necessitie, made them glad to accepte of it.

So they returned to their shipp againe with this news

to ye rest of their people, which did much comforte

their harts.

1620.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.               107

On ye 15. of Desemr: they wayed anchor to goe to

ye place they had discovered, & came within 2. leagues

of it, but were faine to bear up againe; but ye 16.

day ye winde came faire, and they arrived safe in this

harbor.  And after wards tooke better view of ye

place, and resolved wher to pitch their dwelling;

and ye 25. day begane to erecte ye first house for

comone use to receive them and their goods.


Continue on to Book Two / pp. 109 - 151

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