OF PLYMOUTH PLANTATION
by William Bradford
Passengers of the Mayflower.
The names of those which came over first, in ye year 1620.
and were by t!1e blessing of God the first beginers and
(in a sort) the foundation of all the Plantations and
Colonies in New-England; and their families.
Mr. John Carver; Kathrine, his wife; Desire Minter;
& 2. man-servants, John Howland, Roger Wilder; Wil-
8. liam Latham, a boy; & a maid servant, & a child yt
was put to him, called Jasper More.
Mr. William Brewster; Mary, his wife; with 2. sons,
whose names were Love & Wrasling; and a boy was.
6. put to him called Richard More; and another of his
brothers. The rest of his children were left behind, &
came over afterwards.
Mr. Edward Winslow; Elizabeth, his wife; & 2. men
servants, caled Georg Sowle and Elias Story; also a litle
5. girle was put to him, caled Ellen, the sister of Richard
William Bradford, and Dorothy, his wife; having but
2. one child, a sone, left behind, who came afterward.
Mr. Isaack Allerton, and Mary, his wife; with 3. chil-
6. dren, Bartholmew, Remember, & Mary; and a servant
boy, John Hooke..
Mr. Samuell Fuller, and a servant, caled William But-
2. ten. His wife was behind, & a child, which came after-
2. John Crakston, and his sone, John Crakston.
2. Captin Myles Standish, and Rose, his wife.
Mr. Christopher Martin, and his wife, and 2. servants,
4. Salamon Prower and John Langemore.
Mr. William Mullines, and his wife, and 2. children,
5. Joseph & Priscila; and a servant, Robart Carter.
Mr. William White, and Susana, his wife, and one
sone, caled Resolved, and one borne a ship-bord, caled
6. Peregriene; & 2. servants, named William Holbeck &
Mr. Steven Hopkins, & Elizabeth, his wife, and 2. chil-
dren, caled Giles, and Constanta, a doughter, both by
8. a former wife; and 2. more by this wife, caled Damaris
& Oceanus; the last was borne at sea; and 2. servants,
called Edward Doty and Edward Litster.
Mr. Richard Warren; but his wife and children were
1. lefte behind, and came afterwards.
John Billinton, and Elen, his wife; and 2. sones, John
4. & Francis.
Edward Tillie, and Ann, his wife; and 2. children that
4. were their cossens, Henery Samson and Humillity Coper.
John Tillie, and his wife; and Eelizabeth, their
Francis Cooke, and his sone John. But his wife &
2. other children came afterwards.
Thomas Rogers, and Joseph, his sone. His other chil-
2. dren came afterwards.
3.* Thomas Tinker, and his wife, and a sone.
2. John Rigdale, and Alice, his wife.
James Chilton, and his wife, and Mary, their dougter.
3. They had an other doughter, yt was maried, came after-
3. Edward Fuller, and his wife, and Samuell, their sonne.
John Turner, and 2. sones. He had a doughter came
3. some years after to Salem, wher she is now living.
Francis Eaton, and Sarah, his wife, and Samuell, their
3. sone, a yong child.
Moyses Fletcher, John Goodman, Thomas Williams,
Digerie Preist, Edmond Margeson, Peter Browne, Richard
10. Britterige, Richard Clarke, Richard Gardenar, Gilbart
John Alden was hired for a cooper, at South-Hampton,
wher the ship victuled; and being a hopfull yong man,
1. was much desired, but left to his owne liking to go or
stay when he came here; but he stayed, and maryed here.
John Allerton and Thomas Enlish were both hired, the
later to goe mr of a shalop here, and ye other was reputed
2. as one of ye company, but was to go back (being a sea-
man) for the help of others behind. But they both dyed
here, before the shipe returned.
* Written 2 in MS.
There were allso other 2. seamen hired to stay a year
2. here in the country, Willaim Trevore, and one Ely. But
when their time was out, they both returned.
These, bening aboute a hundred sowls, came over in
this first ship; and began this worke, which God of his
goodnes hath hithertoo blesed; let his holy name have
And seeing it hath pleased him to give me to see 30. years
compleated since these beginings; and that the great
works of his providence are to be observed, I have
thought it not unworthy my paines to take a veiw of the
decreasings & increasings of these persons, and such
changs as hath pased over them & theirs, in this thirty
years. It may be of some use to such as come after;
but, however, I shall rest in my owne benefite.
I will therfore take them in order as they lye.
Mr. Carver and his wife dyed the first year; he in ye
spring, she in ye somer; also, his man Roger and ye litle
boy Jasper dyed before either of them, of ye commone in-
fection. Desire Minter returned to her freinds, & proved
not very well, and dyed in England. His servant boy
Latham, after more then 20. years stay in the country,
went into England, and from thence to the Bahamy Ilands
in ye West Indies, and ther, with some others, was starved
for want of food. His maid servant maried, & dyed
a year or tow after, here in this place.
His servant, John Howland, maried the doughter of
John Tillie, Elizabeth, and they are both now living,
and have 10. children, now all living; and their eldest
15. daughter hath 4. children. And ther 2. daughter, 1. all
living; and other of their children mariagable. So 15.
are come of them.
Mr. Brewster lived to very old age; about 80. years he
was when he dyed, having lived some 23. or 24. years
here in ye countrie; & though his wife dyed long before,
yet she dyed aged. His sone Wrastle dyed a yonge man
4. unmaried; his sone Love lived till this year 1650. and
dyed, & left 4. children, now living. His doughters
which came over after him are dead, but have left sundry
children alive; his eldst sone is still liveing, and hath 9.
2. or 10 children; one maried, who hath a child or 2.
Richard More his brother dyed the first winter; but he
4. is maried, and hath 4. or 5. children, all living.
Mr. Ed: Winslow his wife dyed the first winter; and he
2. maried with the widow of Mr. White, and hath 2. children
living by her marigable, besids sundry that are dead.
One of his servants dyed, as also the litle girle, soone
8. after the ships arivall. But his man, Georg Sowle, is still
living, and hath 8. childre.
William Bradford his wife dyed soone after their arivall;
4. and he maried againe; and hath 4. children, 3. wherof are
Mr. Allerton his wife dyed with the first, and his ser-
vant, John Hooke. His sone Bartle is maned in England,
but I know not how many children he hath. His doughter
Remember is maried at Salem, & hath 3. or 4. children
living. And his doughter Mary is maried here, & hath 4.
8. children. Him selfe maried againe with ye doughter of
Mr. Brewster, & hath one sane living by her, but she
is long since dead. And he is maried againe, and hath
left this place long agoe. So I account his increase to
be 8. besids his sons in England.
Mr. Fuller his selovant dyed at sea; and after his wife
2. came over, he had tow children by her, which are living
and growne up to years; but he dyed some 15. years agoe.
John Crakston dyed in the first mortality; and about
some 5. or 6. years after, his sone dyed; having lost him
selie in ye wodes, his feet became frosen, which put him
into a feavor, of which he dyed.
*Captain Standish his wife dyed in the first sicknes,
4. and he maried againe, and hath 4. sones liveing, and
some are dead.
Mr. Martin, he & all his, dyed in the first infection
not long after the arivall.
Mr. Molines, and his wife, his sone, and his servant,
dyed the first winter. Only his dougter Priscila survied,
15. and maried with John Alden, who are both living, and
have 11. children. And their eldest daughter is maried,
& hath five children.
Mr. White and his 2. servants dyed soone after ther
landing. His wife maried with Mr. Winslow (as is be-
7. fore noted). His 2. sons are maried, and Resolved hath
5. children, Perigrine tow, all living. So their increase
Mr. Hopkins and his wife are now both dead, but they
lived above 20. years in this place, and had one sone and
5. 4. doughters borne here. Ther sone became a seaman, &
dyed at Barbadoes; one daughter dyed here, and 2. are
maried; one of them hath 2. children; & one is yet to
mary. So their increase which still survive are 5. But
4. his sone Giles is maried, and hath 4. children.
His doughter Constanta is also maried, and hath 12.
12. children, all of them living, an one of them maried.
* Who dyed 3. of Octob. 1655.
Mr. Richard Warren lived some 4. or 5. years, and had
his wife come over to him, by whom he had 2. sons
before dyed; and one of them is maryed, and hath 2.
4. children. So his increase is 4. But he had 5. doughters
more came over with his wife, who are all maried, &
living, & have many children.
John Billinton, after he had bene here 10. yers,
was executed for killing a man; and his eldest sone dyed
8. before him; but his 2. sone is alive, and maried, & hath
Edward Tillie and his wife both dyed soon after their
7. arivall; and the girle Humility, their cousen, was sent for;
into England, and dyed ther. But the youth Henery
Samson is still liveing, and is maned, & hath 7. children.
John Tillie and his wife both dyed a litle after they
came ashore; and their daughter Elizabeth maried with
John Howland, and hath issue as is before noted.
Francis Cooke is still living, a very olde man, and hath
seene his childrens children have children; after his wife
8. came over, (with other of his children,) he hath 3. still
living by her, all maried, and have 5. children; so their
encrease is 8. And his sone John, which came over with
4. him, is maried, and hath 4. chilldren living.
Thomas Rogers dyed in the first sicknes, but his
sone Joseph is still living, and is maried, and hath 6.
6. children. The rest of Thomas Rogers [children] came
over, & are maried, & have many children.
Thomas Tinker and his wife and sone all dyed in the
And so did John Rigdale and his wife.
James Chilton and his wife also dyed in the first infec-
tion. But their daughter Mary is still living, and hath 9.
10. children; and one daughter is maried, & hath a child; so
their increase is 10.
Edward Fuller and his wife dyed soon after they came
4. ashore; but their sone Samuell is living, & maried, and
hath 4. children or more.
John Turner and his 2. sones all dyed in the first
siknes. But he hath a daugter still living at Salem, well
maried, and approved of.
Francis Eaton his first wife dyed in the generall
sicknes; and he maried againe, & his 2. wife dyed, &
4. he maried the 3. and had by her 3. children. One of
them is maried, & hath a child; the other are living,
but one of them is an ideote. He dyed about 16. years
agoe. His sone Samuell, who came over a sucking child,
1. is allso maried, & hath a child.
Moyses Fletcher, Thomas Williams, Digerie Preist,
John Goodman, Edmond Margeson, Richard Britteridge,
Richard Clarke. All these dyed sone after their arivall,
in the generall sicknes that befell. But Digerie Preist
had his wife & children sent hither afterwards, she being
Mr. Allertons sister. But the rest left no posteritie here.
Richard Gardinar became a seaman, and died in Eng-
land, or at sea.
Gilbert Winslow, aftei' diverse years aboad here, re-
turned into England, and dyed ther.
Peter Browne maried twise. By his first wife he had
2. children, who are living, & both of them maried, and
6. the one of them hath 2. children; by his second wife he
had 2. more. He dyed about 16. years since.
Thomas English and John Allerton dyed in the generall
John Alden maried with Priscila, Mr. Mollines his
doughter, and had issue by her as is before related.
Edward Doty & Edward Litster, the servants of Mr.
Hopkins. Litster, after he was at liberty, went to Vir-
ginia, & ther dyed. But Edward Doty by a second wife
hath 7. children, and both he and they are living.
Of these 100. persons which came first over in this
first ship together, the greater halfe dyed in the generall
mortality; and most of them in 2. or three monthes time.
And for those which survied, though some were ancient
& past procreation, & others left ye place and cuntrie,
yet of those few remaining are sprunge up above 160.
persons, in this 30. years, and are now living in this
presente year, 1650. besids many of their children which
are dead, and come not within this account.
And of the old stock (of one & other) ther are yet
living this present year, 1650. nere 30. persons. Let the
Lord have ye praise, who is the High Preserver of men.
* Twelfe persons liveing of the old stock this present
Two persons liveing that came over in the first shipe
1620, this present yeare, 1690. Resolved White and Mary
Chusman,! the daughter of Mr. Allerton.
And John Cooke, the son of Frances Cooke, that came
in the first ship, is still liveing this present yeare, 1694;
& Mary Cushman is still living, this present year, 1698.
* The following memoranda are in a later hand.
! Obviously intended for Cushman.
[Commission for Regulating Plantations.]
Charles by ye grace of God king of England, Scotland, France,
and Ireland, Defender of ye Faith, &c.*
To the most Reved father in Christ, our well beloved & faith-
full counsellour, William, by devine providence Archbishop
of Counterbery, of all England Primate & Metropolitan;
Thomas Lord Coventry, Keeper of our Great Seale of
England; the most Reverente father in Christ our wellbe-
loved and most faithful Counselour, Richard, by devine
providence Archbishop of Yorke, Primate & Metropolitan;
our wellbeloved and most faithfull coussens & Coullselours,
Richard, Earle of Portland, our High Treasurer of Eng-
land; Henery, Earle of Manchester, Keeper of our Privie
Seale; Thomas, Earle of Arundalle & Surry, Earle Mar-
shall of England; Edward, Earle of Dorsett, Chamberline
of our most dear consorte, the Queene; and our beloved &
faithfull Counselours, Francis Lord Cottington, Counseler,
and Undertreasurour of our Eschequour; Sr: Thomas Ed-
monds, knight, Treasourer of our houshould; Sr: Henery
Vane, Knight, controuler of ye same houshould; Sr: John
Cooke, Knight, one of our Privie Secretaries; and Francis
Windebanck, Knight, another of our Privie Secretaries,
Wheras very many of our subjects, & of our late fathers
of beloved memory, our sovereigne lord James, late king
of England, by means of licence royall, not only with
* See page 381. This document was written on the reverse of folio 201
et seq. of the original manuscript, and for the sake of convenience is trans-
ferred to this place.
desire of inlarging ye teritories of our empire, but cheefly
out of a pious & religious affection, & desire of propagat-
ing ye gospell of our Lord Jesus Christ, with great industrie
& expences have caused to be planted large Collonies of
ye English nation, in diverse parts of ye world alltogether
unmanured, and voyd of inhabitants, or occupied of ye bar-
barous people that have no knowledg of divine worship.
We being willing to provid a remedy for ye tranquillity &
quietnes of those people, and being very confidente of your
faith & wisdom, justice & providente circomspection, have
constituted you ye aforesaid Archbishop of Counterburie,
Lord Keeper of ye Great Seale of England, ye Archbishop
of Yorke, &c. and any 5. or more, of you, our Comission-
ers; and to you, and any 5. or more of you, we doe give
and comite power for ye govermente & saftie of ye said
collonies, drawen, or which, out of ye English nation into
those parts hereafter, shall be drawne, to make lawes, con-
stitutions, & ordinances, pertaining ether to ye publick state
of these collonies, or ye private profite of them; and con-
cerning ye lands, goods, debts, & succession in those parts,
and how they shall demaine them selves, towards foraigne
princes, and their people, or how they shall bear them
selves towards us, and our subjects, as well in any foraine
parts whatsoever, or on ye seas in those parts, or in their
returne sayling home; or which may pertaine to ye clergie
govermente, or to ye cure of soules, among ye people ther
living, and exercising trad in those parts; by designing out
congruente porcions arising in tithes, oblations, & other
things ther, according to your sound discretions, in politi-
call & civill causes; and by haveing ye advise of 2. or 3.
bishops, for ye setling, making, & ordering of ye bussines,
for ye designeing of necessary ecclesiasticall, and clargie
porcions, which you shall cause to be called, and taken to
you. And to make provission against ye violation of those
laws, constitutions, and ordinances, by imposing penealties
& mulcts, imprisonmente if ther be cause, and yt ye quality
of ye offence doe require it, by deprivation of member, or
life, to be inflicted. With power allso (our assente being
had) to remove, & displace ye governours or rulers of those
collonies, for causes which to you shall seeme lawfull, and
others in their stead to constitute; and require an accounte
of their rule & govermente, and whom you shall finde cul-
pable, either by deprivation from their place, or by imposi-
tion of a mulcte upon ye goods of them in those parts to
be levied, or banishmente from those provinces in wch they
have been gover or otherwise to cashier according to ye
quantity of ye offence. And to constitute judges, & magis-
trats politicall & civill, for civill causes and under ye power
and forme, which to you 5. or more of you shall seeme ex-
pediente. And judges & magistrats & dignities, to causes
Ecclesiasticall, and under ye power & forme which to you
5. or more of you, with the bishops vicegerents (provided
by ye Archbishop of Counterbure for ye time being), shall
seeme expediente; and to ordaine courts, pretoriane and
tribunall, as well ecclesiasticall, as civill, of judgmentes;
to detirmine of ye formes and maner of procceedings in
ye same; and of appealing from them in matters & causes
as well criminall, as civill, personall, reale, and mixte, and
to their seats of justice, what may be equall & well ordered,
and what crimes, faults, or exessess, of contracts or injuries
ought to belonge to ye Ecclesiasticall courte, and what to ye
civill courte, and seate of justice.
Provided never ye less, yt the laws, ordinances, & consti-
tutions of this kinde, shall not be put in execution, before
our assent be had therunto in writing under our signet,
signed at least, and this assente being had, and ye same
publikly proclaimed in ye provinces in which they are to
be executed, we will & comand yt those lawes, ordinances,
and constitutions more fully to obtaine strength and be ob-
served * shall be inviolably of all men whom they shall con- cerne.
Notwithstanding it shall be for you, or any 5. or more of
you, (as is afforsaid,) allthough those lawes, constitu-
tions, and ordinances shalbe proclaimed with our royall
assente, to chainge, revocke, & abrogate them, and other
new ones, in forme afforsaid, from time to time frame and
make as afforesaid; and to new evills arissing, or new
dangers, to apply new remedyes as is fitting, so often
as to you it shall seeme expediente. Furthermore you shall
understand that we have constituted you, and every 5. or
more of you, the afforesaid Archbishop of Counterburie,
Thomas Lord Coventrie, Keeper of ye Great Seale of Eng-
land, Richard, Bishop of Yorke, Richard, Earle of Portland,
Henery, Earle of Manchester, Thomas, Earle of Arundale
& Surry, Edward, Earell of Dorsett, Francis Lord Cottin-
ton, Sr Thomas Edmonds, ! knighte, Sr Henry Vane, knight,
Sr Francis Windebanke, knight, our comissioners to hear,
& determine, according to your sound discretions, all maner
of complaints either against those collonies, or their rulers,
or govenours, at ye instance of ye parties greeved, or at
their accusation brought concerning injuries from hence, or
from thence, betweene them, & their members to be moved,
and to call ye parties before you; and to the parties or to
their procurators, from hence, or from thence being heard
ye full complemente of justice to be exhibted. Giving unto
you, or any 5. or more of you power, yt if you shall find
any of ye collonies afforesaid, or any of ye cheefe rulers
upon ye jurisdictions of others by unjust possession, or
usurpation, or one against another making greevance, or
in rebelion against us, or withdrawing from our alegance,
or our comandments, not obeying, consultation first with us
in yt case had, to cause those colonies, or ye rulers of them,
* A superfluous and comes after "observed" in the manuscript.
! Edwards in the mannscript.
for ye causes afforesaid, or for other just causes, either
to returne to England, or to comand them to other places
designed, even as according to your sounde discretions it
shall seeme to stand with equitie, & justice, or necessitie.
Moreover, we doe give unto you, & any 5. or more of you,
power & spetiall comand over all ye charters, leters patents,
and rescripts royall, of ye regions, provinces, ilands, or
lands in foraigne parts, granted for raising colonies, to
cause them to be brought before you, & ye same being
received, if any thing surrepticiously or unduly have been
obtained, or yt by the same priviledges, liberties, & preroga-
tives hurtfull to us, or to our crowne, or to foraigne princes,
have been prejudicially suffered, or granted; the same being
better made knowne unto you 5. or more of you, to comand
them according to ye laws and customs of England to be
revoked, and to doe such other things, which to ye profite
& safgard of ye afforesaid collonies, and of our subjects
residente in ye same, shall be necessary. And therfore
we doe comand you that aboute ye premisses at days &
times, which for these things you shall make provission,
that you be diligente in attendance, as it becometh you;
giving in precepte also, & firmly injoyning, we doe give
comand to all and singuler cheefe rulers of provinces into
which ye colonies afforesald have been drawne, or shall
be drawne, & concerning ye colonies themselves, & concern-
ing others, yt have been interest therein, yt they give atend-
ance upon you, and be observante and obediente unto your
warrants in those affaires, as often as, and even as in our
name they shall be required, at their perill. In testimoney
wherof, we have caused these our letters to be made pat-
tente: Wittnes our selfe at Westminster the 28. day of
Aprill, in ye tenth year of our Raigne.
By write from ye privie seale,
Anno Dom: 1634.
Return to the Table of Contents
Return to List of Authors and Books