by William Bradford


Book Two / pp. 311 - 351

1629.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                311

keept Ashley in some good mesure within bounds. 

And so they returned their answer to their freinds

in England, that they accepted of their motion, and

joyned with them in Ashleys bussines; and yet with-

all tould them what their fears were concerning


     But when they came to have full notice of all ye

goods brought them that year, they saw they fell very

short of trading goods, and Ashley farr better sup-

pleyed then [171] themselves; so as they were forced

to buy of the fisher men to furnish them selves, yea,

& cottens & carseys & other such like cloath (for

want of trading cloath) of Mr. Allerton himselfe, and

so to put away a great parte of their beaver, at under

rate, in the countrie, which they should have sente

home, to help to discharge their great ingagementes;

which was to their great vexation; but Mr. Allerton

prayed them to be contente, and ye nexte yere they

might have what they would write for.  And their in-

gagmentes of this year were great indeed when they

came to know them, (which was not wholy till 2.

years after); and that which made them ye more, Mr.

Allerton had taken up some large sumes at Bristoll at

50. pr cent. againe, which he excused, that he was

forcte to it, because other wise he could at ye spring

of year get no goods transported, such were their

envie against their trade.  But wheither this was any

more then an excuse, some of them doubted; but how-

312                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

ever, ye burden did lye on their backs, and they must

bear it, as they did many heavie loads more in ye


     This paying of 50. pr cent. and di:ficulty of having

their goods trasported by ye fishing ships at ye first

of ye year, (as was beleeved,) which was ye cheefe

season for trade, put them upon another projecte.  Mr.

Allerton, after ye fishing season was over, light of a

bargan of salte, at a good fishing place, and bought

it; which came to aboute 113li.; and shortly after he

might have had 30li. cleare profite for it, without any

more trouble aboute it.  But Mr. Winslow coming that

way from Kenebeck, & some other of ther partners

with him in ye barke, they mett with Mr. Allerton,

and falling into discourse with him, they stayed him

from selling ye salte; and resolved, if it might please

ye rest, to keep it for them selves, and to hire a ship

in ye west cuntrie to come on :fishing for them, on

shares, according to ye coustome; and seeing she might

have her salte here ready, and a stage ready builte

& fitted wher the salt lay safely landed & housed.

In stead of bringing salte, they might stowe her full

of trading goods, as bread, pease, cloth, &c., and so

they might have a full supply of goods without paing

fraight, and in due season, which might turne greatly to

their advantage.  Coming home, this was propounded,

and considered on, and aproved by all but ye Govr,

who had no mind to it, seeing they had allway lost

1629.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                313

by fishing; but ye rest were so ernest, as thinkeing

that they might gaine well by ye fishing in this way;

and if they should but save, yea, or lose some thing

by it, ye other benefite would be advantage inough;

so, seeing their ernestnes, he gave way, and it was

referd to their freinds in England to alow, or disalow

it.  Of which more in its place.

     Upon ye consideration of ye bussines about ye paten,

& in what state it was left, as is before remembred,

and Mr. Sherleys ernest pressing to have Mr. Allerto

to come over againe to finish it, & perfect ye accounts,

&c., it was concluded to send him over this year

againe; though it was with some fear & jeolocie; yet

he gave them fair words and promises of well perform-

ing all their bussineses according to their directions,

and to mend his former errors.  So he was accordingly

sent with full instructions for all things, with large let-

ters to Mr. Sherley & ye rest, both aboute Ashleys

bussines and their owne suply with trading comodities,

and how much it did concerne them to be furnished

therwith, & what ye had suffered for wante therof; and

of what litle use other goods were [172] in com-

parison therof; and so likewise aboute this fishing ship,

to be thus hired, and fraught with trading goods,

which might both supply them & Ashley, and ye

benefite therof; which was left to their consideration

to hire & set her out, or not; but in no case not to

send any, exepte she was thus fraighte with trading

314                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

goods.  But what these things came too will appere

in ye next years passages.

     I had like to have omited an other passage that

fell out ye begining of this year.  Ther was one Mr.

Ralfe Smith, & his wife & familie, yt came over into

ye Bay of ye Massachusets, and sojourned at presente

with some stragling people that lived at Natascoe; here

being a boat of this place putting in ther on some

occasion, he ernestly desired that they would give him

& his, passage for Plimoth, and some such things as

they could well carrie; having before heard yt ther was

liklyhood he might procure house-roome for some time,

till he should resolve to setle ther, if he might, or

els-wher as God should disposs; for he was werie of

being in yt uncoth place, & in a poore house yt would

neither keep him nor his goods drie.  So, seeing him to

be a grave man, & understood he had been a minister,

though they had no order for any such thing, yet they

presumed and brought him.  He was here accordingly

kindly entertained & housed, & had ye rest of his goods

& servants sente for, and exercised his gifts amongst

them, and afterwards was chosen into ye ministrie, and

so remained for sundrie years.

     It was before noted that sundry of those that came

from Leyden, came over in the ships yt came to Salem,

wher Mr. Endecott had cheefe comand; and by infection

that grue amonge ye passengers at sea, it spread also

among them a shore, of which many dyed, some of ye

1629.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                315

scurvie, other of an infectious feaoure, which continued

some time amongst them (though our people, through

Gods goodnes, escaped it).  Upon which occasion he

write hither for some help, understanding here was one

that had some skill yt way, & had cured diverse of ye

scurvie, and others of other diseases, by letting blood,

& other means.  Upon which his request ye Govr hear

sent him unto them, and also write to him, from whom

he received an answere; the which, because it is breefe,

and shows ye begining of their aquaintance, and closing

in ye truth & ways of God, I thought it not unmeete,

nor without use, hear to inserte it; and an other show-

ing ye begining of their fellowship & church estate ther.

     Being as followeth.

Right worthy Sr:

      It is a thing not usuall, that servants to one mr. and of ye

same houshold should be strangers; I assure you I desire it

not, nay, to speake more plainly, I cannot be so to you. 

Gods people are all marked with one and ye same marke,

and sealed with one and ye same seale, and have for ye maine,

one & ye same harte, guided by one & same spirite of

truth; and wher this is, ther can be no discorde, nay, here

must needs be sweete harmonie.  And ye same request (with

you) I make unto ye Lord, that we may, as Christian

breethren, be united by a heavenly & unfained love; bend-

ing all our harts and forces in furthering a worke be-

yond our strength, with reverence & fear, fastening our eyse

allways on him that only is able to directe and prosper all

our ways.  I acknowledge my selfe much bound to you for

your kind love and care in sending Mr. Fuller among us,

316                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

and rejoyce much yt I am by him satisfied touching your

judgments of ye outward forme of Gods worshipe.  It is, as

farr as [173] I can yet gather, no other then is warrented

by ye evidence of truth, and ye same which I have proffessed

and maintained ever since ye Lord in mercie revealed him

selfe unto me; being farr from ye commone reporte that

hath been spread of you touching that perticuler.  But Gods

children must not looke for less here below, and it is ye

great mercie of God, that he strengthens them to goe through

with it.  I shall not neede at this time to be tedious unto

you, for, God willing, I purpose to see your face shortly.

In ye mean time, I humbly take my leave of you, comiting

you to ye Lords blessed protection, & rest,

Your assured loving friend,


Naumkeak,  May 11. Ano. 1629.

     This second leter sheweth ther proceedings in their

church affaires at Salem, which was ye 2. church erected

in these parts; and afterwards ye Lord established many

more in sundrie places.

     Sr:  I make bould to trouble you with a few lines, for to

certifie you how it hath pleased God to deale with us, since

you heard from us.  How, notwithstanding all opposition

that hath been hear, & els wher, it hath pleased God to lay

a foundation, the which I hope is agreeable to his word in

evry thing.  The 20. of July, it pleased ye Lord to move

ye hart of our Govr to set it aparte for a solemne day of

humilliation for ye choyce of a pastor & teacher.  The former

parte of ye day being spente in praier & teaching, the later

parte aboute ye election, which was after this maner.  The

persons thought on (who had been ministers in England)

1629.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                317

were demanded concerning their callings; they acknowledged

ther was a towfould calling, the one an inward calling,

when ye Lord moved ye harte of a man to take yt calling

upon him, and fitted him with guiftes for ye same; the

second was an outward calling, which was from ye people,

when a company of beleevers are joyned togither in cove-

nante, to walke togither in all ye ways of God, and every

member (being men) are to have a free voyce in ye choyce

of their officers, &c.  Now, we being perswaded that these

2. men were so quallified, as ye apostle speaks to Timothy,

wher he saith,  A bishop must be blamles, sober, apte to

teach, &c.,  I thinke I may say, as ye eunuch said unto

Philip,  What should let from being baptised, seeing ther

was water? and he beleeved.  So these 2. servants of God,

clearing all things by their answers, (and being thus fitted,)

we saw noe reason but we might freely give our voyces for

their election, after this triall.  So Mr. Skelton was chosen

pastor, and Mr. Higgison to be teacher; and they accepting

ye choyce, Mr. Higgison, with 3. or 4. of ye gravest mem-

bers of ye church, laid their hands on Mr. Skelton, using

prayer therwith.  This being done, ther was imposission of

hands on Mr. Higgison also.  And since that time, Thursday

(being, as I take it, ye 6. of August) is appoynted for

another day of humilliation, for ye choyce of elders &

deacons, & ordaining of them.

     And now, good Sr, I hope yt you & ye rest of Gods people

(who are aquainted with the ways of God) with you, will

say that hear was a right foundation layed, and that these 2.

blessed servants of ye Lord came in at ye dore, and not at ye

window.  Thus I have made bould to trouble you with these

few lines, desiring you to remember us, &c.  And so rest,

   At your service in what I may,


     Salem, July 30. 1629.

318                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

[174] Anno Dom: 1630.

     ASHLEY, being well supplyed, had quickly gathered

a good parcell of beaver, and like a crafty pate he

sent it all home, and would not pay for ye goods he

had had of ye plantation hear, but lett them stand still

on ye score, and tooke up still more.  Now though

they well enough knew his aime, yet they let him goe

on, and write of it into England.  But partly ye beaver

they received, & sould, (of which they weer sencible,)

and partly by Mr. Al1ertons extolling of him, they cast

more how to supplie him then ye plantation, and some-

thing to upbraid them with it.  They were forct to

buy him a barke allso, and to furnish her wth a mr. &

men, to transporte his corne & provissions (of which

he put of much); for ye Indeans of those parts have

no corne growing, and at harvest, after corne is ready,

ye weather grows foule, and ye seas dangerous, so as

he could doe litle good with his shallope for yt pur-


      They looked ernestly for a timely supply this spring,

by the fishing ship which they expected, and had been

at charg to keepe a stage for her; but none came, nor

any supply heard of for them.  At length they heard

sume supply was sent to Ashley by a fishing ship, at

which they something marvelled, and the more yt they

had no letters either from Mr. Allerton or Mr. Sherley;

so they went on in their bussines as well as ye could.

1630.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                319

At last they heard of Mr. Peirce his arivall in ye Bay

of ye Massachusetts, who brought passengers & goods

thither.  They presently sent a shallop, conceiving they

should have some thing by him.  But he tould them

he had none; and a ship was sett out on fishing, but

after 11. weeks beating at sea, she mett with shuch

foull weather as she was forcte back againe for Eng-

land, and, ye season being over, gave off ye vioage.

Neither did he hear of much goods in her for ye plan-

tation, or yt she did belong to them, for he had heard

some thing from Mr. Allerton tending that way.  But

Mr. Allerton had bought another ship, and was to

come in her, and was to fish for bass to ye east-

ward, and to bring goods, &c.  These things did much

trouble them, and half astonish them.  Mr. Winslow

haveing been to ye eastward, brought nuese of the like

things, wth some more perticulers, and yt it was like

Mr. Allerton would be late before he came.  At length

they, having an oppertunitie, resolved to send Mr.

Winslow, with what beaver they had ready, into Eng-

land, to see how ye squars wente, being very jeolouse

of these things, & Mr. Allertons courses; and writ

shuch leters, and gave him shuch instructions, as they

thought meet; and if he found things not well, to dis-

charge Mr. Allerton for being any longer agent for

them, or to deal any more in ye bussines, and to see

how ye accounts stood, &c.

     Aboute ye midle of somer arrives Mr. Hatherley in

320                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

ye Bay of ye Massachusetts, (being one of ye part-

ners,) and came over in ye same ship that was set

out on fhishing (called ye Frendship).  They presently

sent to him, making no question but now they had

goods come, and should know how all things stood.

But they found [175] the former news true, how this

ship had been so long at sea, and spente and spoyled

her provissions, and overthrowne ye viage.  And he

being sent over by ye rest of ye partners, to see how

things wente hear, being at Bristoll with Mr. Allerton;

in ye shipe bought (called ye White-Angell), ready to

set sayle, over night came a messenger from Bastable

to Mr. Allerton, and tould him of ye returne of ye

ship, and what had befallen.  And he not knowing

what to doe, having a great chareg under hand, ye

ship lying at his rates, and now ready to set sayle,

got him to goe and discharg ye ship, and take order

for ye goods.  To be short, they found Mr. Hatherley

some thing reserved, and troubled in him selfe, (Mr.

Allerton not being ther,) not knowing how to dispose

of ye goods till he came; but he heard he was arived

with ye other ship to ye eastward, and expected his

coming.  But he tould them ther was not much for

them in this ship, only 2. packs of Bastable ruggs, and

2. hoggsheads of meatheglin, drawne out in wooden

flackets (but when these flackets came to be received,

ther was left but 6. gallons of ye 2. hogsheads, it be-

ing drunke up under ye name leackage, and so lost).

1630.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                321

But the ship was filled with goods for sundrie gentle-

men, & others, that were come to plant in ye Mas-

sachusets, for which they payed fraight by ye tun.

And this was all the satisfaction they could have at

presente, so they brought this small parcell of goods

& returned with this nues, and a letter as obscure;

which made them much to marvell therat.  The letter

was as followeth.

Gentle-men, partners, and loving friends, &c.

     Breefly thus:  wee have this year set forth a fishing ship,

and a trading ship, which later we have bought; and so

have disbursed a great deale of money, as may and will

appeare by ye accounts.  And because this ship (called ye

White Angell) is to acte 2. parts, (as I may say,) fishing

for bass, and trading; and that while Mr. Allerton was im-

ployed aboute ye trading, the fishing might suffer by car-

lesnes or neglecte of ye sailors, we have entreated your and

our loving friend, Mr. Hatherley, to goe over with him,

knowing he will be a comforte to Mr. Allerton, a joye to

you, to see a carfull and loving friend, and a great stay to

ye bussines; and so great contente to us, that if it should

please God ye one should faile, (as God forbid,) yet ye other

would keepe both recconings, and things uprighte.  For we

are now out great sumes of money, as they will acquainte

you withall, &c.  When we were out but 4. or 5. hundred

pounds a peece, we looked not much after it, but left it to

you, & your agente, (who, without flaterie, deserveth infinite .

thanks & comendations, both of you & us, for his pains,

&c.);  but now we are out double, nay, trible a peece, some

of us, &c.; which maks us both write, and send over our

friend, Mr. Hatherley, whom we pray you to entertaine kindly,

of which we doubte not of.  The main end of sending him

322                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

is to see ye state and accounte of all ye bussines, of all which

we pray you informe him fully, though ye ship & bussines

wayte for it and him.  For we should take it very unkindly

that we should intreat him to take such a journey, and that,

when it pleaseth God he returnes, he could not give us con-

tente & satisfaction in this perticuler, through defaulte of

any of you.  [176] But we hope you will so order bussines,

as neither he nor we shall have cause to complaine, but to

doe as we ever have done, thinke well of you all, &c.  I

will not promise, but shall indeaour & hope to effecte ye full

desire and grant of your patente, & that ere it be longe. 

I would not have you take any thing unkindly.  I have

not write out of jeolocie of any unjuste dealing.  Be you

all kindly saluted in ye Lord, so I rest,

Yours in what I may,


March 25.1630.

     It needs not be thought strange, that these things

should amase and trouble them; first, that this fishing

ship should be set out, and fraight with other mens

goods, & scarce any of theirs; seeing their maine end

was (as is before remembred) to bring them a full

supply, and their speatiall order not to sett out any

excepte this was done.  And now a ship to come on

their accounte, clean contrary to their both end & order,

was a misterie they could not understand; and so much

ye worse, seeing she had shuch ill success as to lose

both her vioage & provissions.  The 2. thing, that

another ship should be bought and sente out on new

designes, a thing not so much as once thought on by

1630.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                323

any here, much less, not a word intimated or spoaken

of by any here, either by word or letter, neither could

they imagine why this should be.  Bass fishing was

never lookt at by them, but as soone as ever they

heard on it, they looked at it as a vaine thing, that

would certainly turne to loss.  And for Mr. Allerton

to follow any trade for them, it was never in their

thoughts.  And 3ly, that their frieds should complaine

of disbursements, and yet rune into such great things,

and charge of shiping & new projects of their owne

heads, not only without, but against, all order & advice,

was to them very strang.  And 4ly, that all these mat-

ters of so great charg & imployments should be thus

wrapped up in a breefe and obscure letter, they knew

not what to make of it.  But amids all their doubts

they must have patience till Mr. Allerton & Mr.

Hatherley should come.  In ye mean time Mr. Winslow

was gone for England; and others of them were forst

to folow their imployments with ye best means they

had, till they could hear of better.

     At length Mr. Hatherley & Mr. Allerton came unto

them, (after they had delivered their goods,) and find-

ing them strucken with some sadnes aboute these

things, Mr. Allerton tould them that ye ship Whit-

Angele did not belong to them, nor their accounte,

neither neede they have any thing to doe with her,

excepte they would.  And Mr. Hatherley confirmed

ye same, and said that they would have had him to have

324                                HISTORY OF                        [Book II.

had a parte, but he refused; but he made question

whether they would not turne her upon ye generall

accounte, if ther came loss (as he now saw was like),

seeing Mr. Allerton laid downe this course, and put

them on this projecte.  But for ye fishing ship, he tould

them they need not be so much troubled, for he had

her accounts here, and showed them that her first set-

ing out came not much to exceed 600li. as they might

see by ye accounte, which he showed them; and for

this later viage, it would arrise to profite by ye fraight

of ye goods, and ye salle of some katle which he shiped

and had allready sould, & was to be paid for partly

here & partly by bills into England, so as they should

not have this put on their acounte at all, except they

[178]* would.  And for ye former, he had sould so

much goods out of her in England, and imployed ye

money in this 2. viage, as it, togeither with such goods

& implements as Mr. Allerton must need aboute his

fishing, would rise to a good parte of ye money; for he

must have ye sallt and nets, allso spiks, nails, &c.;

all which would rise to nere 400li.; so, with ye bearing

of their parts of ye rest of ye loses (which would not

be much above 200li.), they would clear them of this

whole accounte.  Of which motion they were glad, not

being willing to have any accounts lye upon them; but

aboute their trade, which made them willing to harken

therunto, and demand of Mr. Hatherley how he could

* 177 is omitted in MS.

1630.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                325

make this good, if they should agree their unto, he

tould them he was sent over as their agente, and had

this order from them, that whatsoever he and Mr.

Allerton did togeather, they would stand to it; but

they would not alow of what Mr. Allerton did alone,

except they liked it; but if he did it alone, they would

not gaine say it.  Upon which they sould to him & Mr.

Allerton all ye rest of ye goods, and gave them present

possession of them; and a writing was made, and con-

firmed under both Mr. Hatherleys and Mr. Allertons

hands, to ye effecte afforesaide.  And Mr. Allertone,

being best aquainted wth ye people, sould away presenly

all shuch goods as he had no need of for ye fishing,

as 9. shallop sails, made of good new canvas, and ye

roads for them being all new, with sundry such usefull

goods, for ready beaver, by Mr. Hatherleys allowance.

And thus they thought they had well provided for

them selvs.  Yet they rebuked Mr. Allerton very much

for runing into these courses, fearing ye success of them.

Mr. Allerton & Mr. Hatherley brought to ye towne with

them (after he had sould what he could abroad) a great

quantity of other goods besids trading comodities; as

linen cloath, bedticks, stockings, tape, pins, ruggs, &c.,

I and tould them they were to have them, if they would;

but they tould Mr. Allerton that they had forbid him

before for bringing any such on their accounte; it

would hinder their trade and returnes.  But he & Mr.

Hatherley said, if they would not have them, they

326                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

would sell them, them selves, and take corne for what

they could not otherwise sell.  They tould them they

might, if they had order for it.  The goods of one

sorte & other came to upward of 500li.

     After these things, Mr. Allerton wente to ye ship

aboute his bass fishing; and Mr. Hatherley, (according

to his order,) after he tooke knowledg how things stood

at ye plantation, (of all which they informed him

fully,) he then desired a boate of them to goe and

visite ye trading houeses, both Kenebeck, and Ashley

at Penobscote; for so they in England had injoyned

him.  They accordingly furnished him with a boate &

men for ye viage, and aquainted him plainly & thorowly

with all things; by which he had good contente and

satisfaction, and saw plainly yt Mr. Allerton plaid his

owne game, and rane a course not only to ye great

wrong & detrimente of ye plantation, who imployed &

trusted him, but abused them in England also, in pos-

sessing them with prejudice against ye plantation; as

yt they would never be able to repaye their moneys

(in regard of their great charge), but if [179] they

would follow his advice and projects, he & Ashley

(being well supplyed) would qujckly bring in their

moneys with good advantage.  Mr. Hatherley disclosed

also a further projecte aboute ye setting out of this

ship, ye White-angell; how, she being wel fitted with

good ordnance, and known to have made a great fight

at sea (when she belongd to Bristoll) and caried away

1630.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                327

ye victory, they had agreed (by Mr. Allerton's means)

that, after she had brought a fraight of goods here into

ye countrie, and fraight her selfe with fish, she should

goe from hence to Port of porte,* and ther be sould,

both ship, goods, and ordenance; and had, for this

end, had speech with a factore of those parts, before-

hand, to whom she should have been consigned.  But

this was prevented at this time, (after it was known,)

partly by ye contrary advice given by their freinds

hear to Mr. Allerton & Mr. Hatherley, showing how it

might insnare their friends in England, (being men

of estate,) if it should come to be knowne; and for

ye plantation, they did and would disalow it, and pro-

test against it; and partly by their bad viage, for

they both came too late to doe any good for fishing,

and allso had such a wicked and drunken company as

neither Mr. Allerton nor any els could rule; as Mr.

Hatherley, to his great greefe & shame, saw, & be-

held, and all others that came nere them.

     Ashley likwise was taken in a trape, (before Mr.

Hatherley returned,) tor trading powder & shote with

ye Indeans; and was ceased upon by some in author-

itie, who allso would have confiscated above a thousand

weight of beaver; but ye goods were freed, for ye

Govr here made it appere, by a bond under Ashleys

hand, wherin he was bound to them in 500li. not to

trade any munition with ye Indeans, or other wise

* Oporto, called by the Dutch Port a port.

328                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

to abuse him selfe; it was also manifest against him

that he had comited uncleannes with Indean women,

(things that they feared at his first imployment, which

made them take this strict course with him in ye be-

gining); so, to be shorte, they gott their goods freed,

but he was sent home prisoner.  And that I may make

an end concerning him, after some time of imprison-

mente in ye Fleet, by ye means of friends he was set

at liberty, and intended to come over againe, but ye

Lord prevented it; for he had a motion made to him,

by some marchants, to goe into Russia, because he had

such good skill in ye beaver trade, the which he ac-

cepted of, and ill his returne home was cast away at

sea; this was his end. 

     Mr. Hatherley, fully understanding ye state of all

things, had good satisfaction, and could well informe

them how all things stood betweene Mr. Allerton and

ye plantation.  Yea, he found yt Mr. Allerton had gott

within him, and [180] got all ye goods into his owne

hands, for which Mr. Hatherley stood joyntly ingaged

to them hear, aboute ye ship-Freidship, as also most

of ye fraigte money, besids some of his owne perticuler

estate; about wch more will appear here after.  So he

returned into England, and they sente a good quantity

of beaver with him to ye rest of ye partners; so both

he and it was very wellcome unto them.

    Mr. Allerton followed his affaires, & returned with

his White Angell, being no more imployed by ye plan-

1630.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                329

tation; but these bussinesses were not ended till many

years after, nor well understood of a longe time, but

foulded up in obscuritie, & kepte in ye clouds, to ye

great loss & vexation of ye plantation, who in ye end

were (for peace sake) forced to bear ye unjust burthen

of them, to their allmost undoing, as will appear, if

God give life to finish this history.

     They sent their letters also by Mr. Hatherley to ye

partners ther, to show them how Mr. Hatherley & Mr.

Allerton had discharged them of ye Friendships

accounte, and that they boath affirmed yt the White-

Angell did not at all belong to them; and therfore

desired that their accounte might not be charged ther-

with.  Also they write to Mr. Winslow, their agente,

that he in like maner should (in their names) protest

against it, if any such thing should be intended, for

they would never yeeld to ye same.  As allso to sig-

nifie to them that they renounsed Mr. Allerton wholy,

for being their agente, or to have any thing to doe in

any of their bussines.

     This year John Billinton ye elder (one that came

over with ye first) was arrained, and both by grand

& petie jurie found guilty of willfull murder, by plaine

& notorious evidence.  And was for the same accord-

ingly  executed.*  This, as it was ye first execution

     * Hubbard, on page 101, notices the execution of Billington as taking

place "about September" of this year.  "Tbe murtherer expected that,

either for want of power to execute for capital offences, or for waut of

330                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

amongst them, so was it a mater of great sadnes unto

them.  They used all due means about his triall, and

tooke ye advice of Mr. Winthrop and other ye ablest

gentle-men in ye Bay of ye Massachusets, that were

then new-ly come over, who concured with them yt he

ought to dye, and ye land to be purged from blood.

He and some of his had been often punished for mis-

cariags before, being one of ye profanest families amongst

them.  They came from London, and I know not by

what freinds shufled into their company.  His facte was,

that he way-laid a yong-man, one John New-comin,

(about a former quarell,) and shote him with a gune,

wherof he dyed.*

      Having by a providence a letter or to yt came to

my hands concerning the proceedings of their Red:

freinds in ye Bay of ye Massachusets, who were latly

come over, I thought it not amise here to inserte

them, (so farr as is pertenente, and may be usefull

for after times,) before I conclude this year.

     Sr:  Being at Salem ye 25. of July, being ye saboath, after

ye eveing exercise, Mr. Johnson received a letter from ye

people to increase the plantation, he should have his life spared; but jus-

tice otherwise determined, and rewarded him, the first murtherer of his neigh-

bour there, with the deserved punishment of death, for a warning to others."

The first offence committed in the colony was by Billington, in 1621, who,

for contempt of the Captain's lawful command, with opprobrious speeches,

was adjudged to have his neck and heels tied together.  Prince, I. 103, from

Bradford's pocket-book.

      * This paragraph was written on the reverse of page 180 of the original manuscript, near this place.

1630.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                331

Govr, Mr. John Winthrop, manifesting ye hand of God to

be upon them, and against them at Charles-towne, in visit-

ing them with sicknes, and taking diverse from amongst

them, not sparing ye righteous, but partaking with ye wicked

in these bodily judgments.  It was therfore by his desire

taken into ye Godly consideration of ye best hear, what was

to be done to pacifie ye Lords wrath, &c.  Wher it was con-

cluded, that the Lord was to be sought in righteousnes; and

to that end, ye 6. day (being Friday) of this present weeke,

is set aparte, that they may humble them selves before God,

and seeke him in his ordenances; and that then also such

godly persons that are amongst them, and know each to

other, may publickly, at ye end of their exercise, make

known their Godly desire, and practise ye same, viz. solemly

to enter into [181] covenante with ye Lord to walke in his

ways.  And since they are so disposed of in their outward

estats, as to live in three distinct places, each having men

of abilitie amongst them, ther to observe ye day, and be-

come 3. distincte bodys; not then intending rashly to pro-

ceed to ye choyce of officers, or ye admitting of any other

to their societie then a few, to witte, such as are well knowne

unto them; promising after to receive in such by confession

of faith, as shall appeare to be fitly qualified for y estate.

They doe ernestly entreate that ye church of Plimoth would

set apparte ye same day, for ye same ends, beseeching ye

Lord, as to withdraw his hand of correction from them, so

also to establish and direct them in his wayes.  And though

ye time be shorte, we pray you be provocked to this godly

worke, seing ye causes are so urgente; wherin God will be

honoured, and they & we undoubtedly have sweete com-

forte.  Be you all kindly saluted, &c.

Your brethren in Christ, &c.

     Salem, July 26. 1630.

332                                HISTORY  OF                       [BOOK II.

Sr: &c.  The sadd news here is, that many are sicke, and

many are dead; ye Lord in mercie looke upon them.  Some

are here entered into church covenante; the first were 4.

namly, ye Govr, Mr. John Winthrop, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Dud-

ley, and Mr. Willson; since that 5. more are joyned unto

them, and others, it is like, will adde them selves to them

dayly; the Lord increase them, both in number and in holi-

nes for his mercie sake.  Here is a gentleman, one Mr. Cot-

tington, (a Boston man,) who tould me, that Mr. Cottons

charge at Hamton was,. that they should take advise of

them at Plimoth, and should doe nothing to offend them.

Here are diverce honest Christians that are desirous to see

us, some out of love which they bear to us, and ye good

perswasion they have of us; others to see whether we be so

ill as they have heard of us.  We have a name of holines,

and love to God and his saincts; the Lord make us more

and more answerable, and that it may be more then a name,

or ela it will doe us no good.  Be you lovingly saluted, and

all the rest of our friends.  The Lord Jesus blese us, and ye

whole Israll of God.  Amen.

Your loving brother, &c.

    Charles-towne,  Aug. 2. 1630.

     Thus out of smalle beginings greater things have been

prodused by his hand yt made all things of nothing,

and gives being to all things that are; and as one

small candle may light a thousand, so ye light here

kindled hath shone to many, yea in some sorte to our

whole nation; let ye glorious name of Jehova have all

ye praise.

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                333

[182] Anno Dom: 1631.

     ASHLEY being thus by ye hand of God taken away,

and Mr. Allerton discharged of his imploymente for

them, their bussines began againe to rune in one

chanell, and them selves better able to guide the same,

Penobscote being wholy now at their disposing.  And

though Mr. William Peirce had a parte ther as is before

noted, yet now, as things stood, he was glad to have

his money repayed him, and stand out.  Mr. Winslow,

whom they had sent over, sent them over some supply

as soone as he could; and afterwards when he came,

which was something longe by reason of bussines, he

brought a large supply of suitable goods with him,

by which ther trading was well carried on.  But by

no means either he, or ye letters yey write, could take

off Mr. Sherley & ye rest from putting both ye Friend-

ship and Whit-Angell on ye generall accounte; which

caused continuall contention betweene them, as will

more appeare.

     I shall inserte a leter of Mr. Winslow's about these

things, being as foloweth.

     Sr:  It fell out by Gods providence, yt  I received and

brought your leters pr Mr. Allerton from Bristoll, to London;

and doe much feare what will be ye event of things.  Mr.

Allerton intended to prepare ye ship againe, to set forth

upon fishing.  Mr. Sherley, Mr. Beachamp, & Mr. Andrews,

they renounce all perticulers, protesting but for us they

334                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

would never have adventured one penie into those parts;

Mr. Hatherley stands inclinable to either.  And wheras you

write that he and Mr. Allerton have taken ye Whit-Angell

upon them, for their partners here, they professe they neiver

gave any such order, nor will make it good; if them selves

will cleare ye accounte & doe it, all shall be well.  What

ye evente of these things will be, I know not.  The Lord

so directe and assiste us, as he may not be dishonoured by

our divissions.  I hear (pr a freind) that I was much blamed

for speaking wt *  I heard in ye spring of ye year, concerning

ye buying & setting forth of yt ship; ! sure, if I should not

have tould you what I heard so peremtorly reported (which

report I offered now to prove at Bristoll), I should have

been unworthy my imploymente.  And concerning ye comis-

sion so long since given to Mr. Allerton, the truth is, the

thing we feared is come upon us; for Mr. Sherley & ye rest

have it, and will not deliver it, that being ye ground of our

agents credite to procure shuch great sumes.  But I looke

for bitter words, hard thoughts, and sower looks, from

sundrie, as well for writing this, as reporting ye former.

I would I had a more thankfull imploymente; but I hope

a good conscience shall make it comefortable, &c.

     Thus farr he.           Dated Nov: 16. 1631.

     The comission above said was given by them under

their hand and seale, when Mr. Allerton was first

imployed by them, and redemanded of him in ye year

29.  when they begane to suspecte his course.  He

tould them it was amongst his papers, but he would

seeke it out & give it them before he wente.  But he

          *Wth in mannscript.

! This was about ye selling ye ship in Spaine.

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                335

being ready to goe, it was demanded againe.  He said

he could not find it, but it was amongst his papers,

which he must take wth him, [183] and he would send

it by ye boat from ye eastward; but ther it could not

be had neither, but he would seeke it up at sea.  But

whether Mr. Sherley had it before or after, it is not cer-

taine; but having it, he would not let it goe, but keeps

it to this day.  Wherfore, even amongst freinds, men

had need be carfull whom they trust, and not lett

things of this nature lye long unrecaled.

Some parts of ( Mr. Sherley's letters aboute these things, in

which ye truth is best manifested.

     Sr:  Yours I have received by our loving friends, Mr. Aller-

ton & Mr. Hatherley, who, blesed be God, after a long &

dangerous passage with ye ship Angell, are safely come to

Bristoll.  Mr. Hatherley is come up, but Mr. Allerton I have

not yet seen.  We thanke you, and are very glad you have

disswaded him from his Spanish viage, and yt he did not

goe on in these designes he intended; for we did all uterly

dislick of that course, as allso of ye fishing yt ye Freindship

should have performed; for we wished him to sell ye salte,

and were unwilling to have him undertake so much bussines,

partly for ye ill success we formerly had in those affairs, and

partly being loath to disburse so much money.  But he per-

swaded us this must be one way yt must repay us, for ye

plantation would be long in doing of it; ney, to my remem-

berance, he doubted you could not be able, with ye trade

ther, to maintaine your charge & pay us.  And for this very

cause he brought us on yt bussines with Ed: Ashley, for he

was a stranger to us, &c.

336                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

For ye fishing ship, we are sorie it proves so heavie, and

will be willing to bear our parts.  What Mr. Hatherley &

Mr. Allerton have done, no doubt but them selves will make

good; * we gave them no order to make any composition,

to seperate you and us in this or any other.  And I thinke

you have no cause to forsake us, for we put you upon no

new thing, but what your agent perswaded us to, & you by

your letters desired.  If he exceede your order, I hope you

will not blame us, much less cast us of, when our moneys

be layed out, &c.  But I fear neither you nor we have been

well delte withall, for sure, as you write, halfe 4000li., nay, a

quarter, in fitting comodities, and in seasonable time, would

have furnished you beter then you were.  And yet for all

this, and much more I might write, I dare not but thinke

him honest, and that his desire and intente was good; but ye

wisest may faile.  Well, now yt it hath pleased God to give

us hope of meeting, doubte not but we will all indeavore

to perfecte these accounts just & right, as soone as possibly

we can.  And I supposs you sente over Mr. Winslow, and we

Mr. Hatherley, to certifie each other how ye state of things

stood.  We have received some contente upon Mr. Hath-

erley's returne, and I hope you will receive good contente

     *They were too short in resting on Mr. Hatherleys honest word, for his

order to discharg them from ye Friendship's acconnte, when he and Mr.

Allerton made ye bargane with them, and they delivered them the rest of ye

goods; and therby gave them oppertunitie also to receive all the fraight

of boath viages, without seeing an order (to have such power) under their

hands in writing, which they never doubted of, seeing he affirmed he had

power; and they both knew his honestie, and yt he was spetially imployed

for their agente at this time.  And he was as shorte in resting on a verball

order from them; which was now denyed, when it came to a perticuler of

loss; but he still affirmed the same.  But they were both now taught how

to deale in ye world, espetially with marchants, in such cases.  But in ye end

this light upon these here also, for Mr. Allerton had gott all into his owne

hand, and Mr. Hatherley was not able to pay it, except they would have

uterlie undon him, as ye sequell will manifest.

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                337

upon Mr. Winslow's returne.  Now I should come to answer

more perticulerly your letter, but herin I shall be very breefe.

The coming of ye White Angele on your accounte could not

be more strang to you, then ye buying of her was to us;

for you gave him comission* that what he did you would

stand too; we gave him none, and yet for his credite, and

your saks, payed what bills he charged on us, &c.  For yt

I write she was to acte tow parts, fishing & trade; beleeve

me, I never so much as thought of any perticuler trade,

nor will side with any yt doth, if I conceive it may wrong

you; for I ever was against it, useing these words:  They

will eate up and destroy ye generall.

     Other things I omite as tedious, and not very perte-

nente.  This was dated Novr. 19. 1631.

     In an other leter bearing date ye 24. of this month,

being an answer to ye generall order, he hath these


[184] For ye White Angell, against which you write so

ernestly, and say we thrust her upon you, contrary to ye

intente of ye buyer, herin we say you forgett your selves,

and doe us wrong.  We will not take uppon us to devine

what ye thougts or intents of ye buyer was, but what he

spack we heard, and that we will affirme, and make good

against any yt oppose it; which is, yt unles shee were

bought, and shuch a course taken, Ashley could not be

supplyed; and againe, if he weer not supplyed, we could

not be satisfied what we were out for you.  And further,

you were not able to doe it; and he gave some reasons

     *This comission is abused; he never had any for shuch end, as they well

knew, nether had they any to pay this money, nor would have paid a peny,

if they had not pleased for some other respecte.

338                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

which we spare to relate, unless by your unreasonable re-

fusall you will force us, and so hasten yt fire which is a

kindling too fast allready, &c.

Out of another of his, bearing date Jan. 2. 1631.

     We purpose to keep ye Freidship and ye Whit Angell,

for ye last year viages, on the generall accounte, hoping

togeither they will rather produse profite then loss, and

breed less confution in our accounts, and less disturbance

in our affections.  As for ye White Angell, though we layed

out ye money, and tooke bills of salle in our owne names,

yet none of us had so much as a thought (I dare say) of

deviding from you in any thing this year, because we would

not have ye world (I may say Bristoll) take notice of any

breach betwixte Mr. Allerton and you, and he and us; and

so disgrace him in his proceedings on* in his intended viage.

We have now let him ye ship at 30li. pr month, by charter-

partie, and bound him in a bond of a 1000li. to performe

covenants, and bring her to London (if God please).  And

what he brings in her for you, shall be marked wth your

marke, and bils of laden taken, & sent in Mr. Winslows

letter, who is this day riding to Bristoll about it.  So in

this viage, we deale & are with him as strangers.  He hath

brought in 3. books of accounts, one for ye company, an

other for Ashley's bussines, and ye third for ye Whit-Angell

and Freidship.  The books, or coppies, we purpose to send

you, for you may discover ye errours in them better then

we.  We can make it appear how much money he hath had

of us, and you can charg him with all ye beaver he hath had

of you.  The totall sume, as he hath put it, is 7103. 17. 1.

Of this he hath expended, and given to Mr. Vines & others,

aboute 543li. ode money, and then by your books you will

*o in MS.

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                339

find whether you had such, & so much goods, as he chargeth

you with all; and this is all that I can say at presente con-

cerning these accounts.  He thought to dispatch them in

a few howers, but he and Straton & Fogge were above

a month aboute them; but he could not stay till we had

examined them, for losing his fishing viage, which I fear

he hath allready done, &c.

      We blese God, who put both you & us in mind to send

each to other, for verily had he rune on in that desperate

& chargable course one year more, we had not been able to

suport him; nay, both he and we must have lyen in ye

ditch, and sunck under ye burthen, &c.  Had ther been

an ordelly course taken, and your bussines better managed,

assuredly (by ye blessing of God) you had been ye ablest

plantation that, as we think, or know, hath been under-

taken by Englishmen, &c.

    Thus farr of these letters of Mr. Sherley's. *

    [185] A few observations from ye former letters,

and then I shall set downe the simple truth of ye

things (thus in controversie betweene them), at least

as farr as by any good evidence it could be made to

appeare; and so laboure to be breefe in so tedious

and intricate a bussines, which hunge in expostulation

betweene them many years before ye same was ended.

That though ther will be often occasion to touch these

things about other passages, yet I shall not neede to

be large therin; doing it hear once for all.

      First, it seemes to appere clearly that Ashley's

bussines, and ye buying of this ship, and ye courses

     * The last two words not found in the MS. but obviously intended.

340                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

framed ther upon, were first contrived and proposed

by Mr. Allerton, as also yt the pleaes and pretences

which he made, of ye inablitie of ye plantation to

repaye their moneys, &c., and ye hops he gave them

of doing it with profite, was more beleeved & rested

on by them (at least some of them) then any thing

ye plantation did or said.

      2.  It is like, though Mr. Allerton might thinke not

to wrong ye plantation in ye maine, yet his owne

gaine and private ends led him a side in these things;

for it came to be knowne, and I have it in a letter

under Mr. Sherley's hand, that in ye first 2. or 3.

years of his imploymente, he had cleared up 400li. and

put it into a brew-house of Mr. Colliers in London,

at first under Mr. Sherley's name, &c.; besids what

he might have other wise.  Againe, Mr. Sherley and

he had perticuler dealings in some things; for he

bought up ye beaver that sea-men & other passengers

brought over to Bristoll, and at other places, and

charged ye bills to London, which Mr. Sherley payed;

and they got some time 50li. a peece in a bargen, as

was made knowne by Mr. Hatherley & others, besids

what might be other wise; which might make Mr.

Sherley harken unto him in many things; and yet

I beleeve, as he in his forementioned leter write,

he never would side in any perticuler trade wch he

conceived would wrong ye plantation, and eate up &

destroy ye generall.

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                341

     31y.  It may be perceived that, seeing they had done

so much for ye plantation, both in former adventures

and late disbursements, and allso that Mr. Allerton

was ye first occasioner of bringing them upon these

new designes, which at first seemed faire & profitable

unto them, and unto which they agreed; but now,

seeing them to turne to loss, and decline to greater

intanglments, they thought it more meete for ye plan-

tation to bear them, then them selves, who had borne

much in other things allready, and so tooke advan-

tage of such comission & power as Mr. Allerton had

formerly had as their agente, to devolve these things

upon them.

     41y.  With pitie and compassion (touching Mr. Aller-

ton) I may say with ye apostle to Timothy, 1. Tim.

6. 9.  They that will be rich fall into many temtations

and snares, &c., and pearce them selves throw with

many sorrows, &c.; for the love of money is ye roote of

all evill, v. 10.  God give him to see ye evill in his

failings, that he may find mercie by repentance for ye

wrongs he hath done to any, and this pore plantation

in spetiall.  They that doe such things doe not only

bring them selves into snares, and sorrows, but many

with them, (though in an other kind,) as lamentable

experience shows; and is too manifest in this bussines.

     [186]  Now about these ships & their setting forth,

the truth, as farr as could be learned, is this.  The

motion aboute setting forth ye fishing ship (caled ye

342                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

Frindship) came first from ye plantation, and ye rea-

sons of it, as is before remembered; but wholy left to

them selves to doe or not to doe, as they saw cause.

But when it fell into consideration, and ye designe was

held to be profitable and hopefull, it was propounded

by some of them, why might not they doe it of them

selves, seeing they must disburse all ye money, and

what need they have any refferance to ye plantation

in yt; they might take ye profite them selves, towards

other losses, & need not let ye plantation share therin;

and if their ends were other wise answered for their

supplyes to come too them in time, it would be well

enough.  So they hired her, & set her out, and

fraighted her as full as she could carry with passen-

gers goods yt belonged to ye Massachussets, which rise

to a good sume of money; intending to send ye plan-

tations supply in ye other ship.  The effecte of this

Mr. Hatherley not only declared afterward upon occa-

sion, but affirmed upon othe, taken before ye Govr &

Dep: Govr of ye Massachusets, Mr. Winthrop & Mr.

Dudley:  That this ship-Frindship was not sett out nor

intended for ye joynt partnership of ye plantation, but

for ye perticuler accounte of Mr. James Sherley, Mr.

Beachampe, Mr. Andrews, Mr: Allerton, & him selfe.

This deposition was taken at Boston ye 29. of Aug:

1639. as is to be seen under their hands; besids some

other concurente  testimonies declared at severall times

to sundrie of them.

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                343

About ye Whit-Angell, though she was first bought,

or at least the price beaten, by Mr. Allerton (at Bris-

toll), yet that had been nothing if Mr. Sherley had

not liked it, and disbursed ye money.  And that she

was not intended for ye plantation appears by sun-

drie evidences;* as, first, ye bills of sale, or charter-

parties, were taken in their owne names, without any

mention or refferance to ye plantation at all; viz. Mr.

Sherley, Mr. Beachampe, Mr. Andrews, Mr. Denison,

and Mr. Allerton; for Mr. Hatherley fell off, and

would not joyne with them in this.  That she was

not bought for their accounte, Mr. Hatherley tooke

his oath before ye parties afforesaid, ye day and year

above writen.

     Mr. Allerton tooke his oath to like effecte concerning

this ship, the Whit-Angell, before ye Govr & Deputie,

the 7. of Sep: 1639. and likewise deposed, ye same

time, that Mr. Hatherley and him selfe did, in the

behalfe of them selves and ye said Mr. Sherley, Mr.

Andrews, & Mr. Beachamp, agree and undertake to

discharge, and save harmless, all ye rest of ye partners

& purchasers, of and from ye said losses of Freindship

for 200li., which was to be discounted therupon; as by

ther depossitions (which are in writing) may appeare

more at large, and some other depositions & other

     * About ye Whit-Angell they all mette at a certaine taverne in London,

wher they had a diner prepared, and had a conference with a factore aboute

selling of her in Spaine, or at Port a porte, as hath been before mentioned;

as Mr. Hatherley manifested, & Mr. Allerton could not deney.

344                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

testemonies by Mr. Winslow,* &c.  But I suppose

these may be sufficente to evince the truth in these

things, against all pretences to ye contrary.  And yet

the burthen lay still upon ye plantation; or, to speake

more truly and rightly, upon those few that were

ingaged for all, for they were faine to wade through

these things without any help from any.

      [187] Concerning Mr. Allerton's accounts, they were

so larg and intrecate, as they could not well understand

them, much less examine & correcte them, without a

great deale of time & help, and his owne presence,

which was now hard to gett amongst them; and it was

2. or 3. years before they could bring them to any

good pass, but never make them perfecte.  I know

not how it came to pass, or what misterie was in it,

for he tooke upon him to make up all accounts till

this time, though Mr. Sherley was their agente to buy

& sell their goods, and did more then he therin; yet

he past in accounts in a maner for all disbursments,

both concerning goods bought, which he never saw,

     * Mr. Winslow deposed, ye same time, before ye Govr afore said, &c. that

when he came into England, and ye partners inquired of ye success of ye

Whit Angell, which should have been laden wth bass and so sent for Port,

of Porting-gall, and their ship & goods to be sould; having informed them

that they were like to faile in their lading of bass, that then Mr. James

Sherley used these termes:  Feck, we must make one accounte of all; and

ther upon presed him, as agente for ye partners in Neu-England, to accepte

ye said ship Whit-Angell, and her accounte, into ye joynte partner-ship; which

he refused, for many reasons; and after received instructions from New-Engl:

to refuse her if she should be offered, which instructions he shewed them;

and wheras he was often pressed to accept her, he ever refused her, &c.

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                345

but were done when he was hear in ye cuntrie or at

sea; and all ye expences of ye Leyden people, done

by others in his absence; the charges aboute ye patente,

&c.  In all which he made them debtore to him above

300li. and demanded paimente of it.  But when things

came to scaning, he was found above 2000li, debtore

to them, (this wherin Mr. Hatherley & he being joyntly

ingaged, which he only had, being included,) besids

I know not how much yt could never be cleared; and

interest moneys which ate them up, which he never

accounted.  Also they were faine to alow such large

bills of charges as were intolerable; the charges of ye

patent came to above 500li. and yet nothing done in it

but what was done at first without any confirmation;

30li. given at a clape, and 50li, spent in a journey.  No

marvell therfore if Mr. Sherley said in his leter, if their

bussines had been better managed, they might have

been ye richest plantation of any English at yt time.

Yea, he scrued up his poore old father in law's accounte

to above 200li. and brought it on ye generall accounte,

and to befreind him made most of it to arise out of

those goods taken up by him at Bristoll, at 50. per

cent., because he knew they would never let it lye

on ye old man, when, alass! he, poore man, never

dreamte of any such thing, nor yt what he had could

arise nere yt valew; but thought that many of them

had been freely bestowed on him & his children by

Mr: Allerton.  Nither in truth did they come nere yt

346                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

valew in worth, but yt sume was blowne up by interest

& high prises, which ye company did for ye most parte

bear, (he deserving farr more,) being most sory that

he should have a name to have much, when he had in

effecte litle.

     This year also Mr. Sherley sent over an accounte,

which was in a maner but a cash accounte what Mr.

Allerton had had of them, and disbursed, for which

he referd to his accounts; besids an account of beaver

sould, which Mr. Winslow & some others had carried

over, and a large supply of goods which Mr. Winslow

had sent & brought over, all which was comprised in yt

accounte, and all ye disbursments aboute ye Freindship,

& Whit-Angell, and what concerned their accounts

from first to last; or any thing else he could charg

ye partners with.  So they were made debtor in ye

foote of that accounte 4770li. 19. 2.* besids 1000li. still

due for ye purchase yet unpayed; notwithstanding all

ye beaver, and returnes that both Ashley & they had

made, which were not small.

     [188]  In these accounts of Mr. Sherley's some things

were obscure, and some things twise charged, as a 100.

     * So as a while before, wheras their great care was how to pay the pur-

chase, and those other few debts which were upon them, now it was with

them as it was some times with Saule's -father, who left careing for ye Asses,

and sorrowed for his sonn. 1. Sam. 10. 2.  So that which before they looked

at as a heavie burthen, they now esteeme but a small thing and a light

mater, in comparison of what was now upon them.  And thus ye Lord

oftentimes deals with his people to teach them, and humble them, that he

may doe them good in ye later end.

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                347

of Bastable ruggs which came in ye Freindship, & cost

75li., charged before by Mr. Allerton, and now by him

againe, with other perticulers of like nature doubtfull,

to be twise or thrise charged; as also a sume of 600li.

which Mr. Allerton deneyed, and they could never un-

derstand for what it was.  They sent a note of these

& such like things afterward to Mr. Sherley by Mr.

Winslow; but (I know not how it came to pass) could

never have them explained. 

      Into these deepe sumes had Mr. Allerton rune them

in tow years, for in ye later end of ye year 1628. all

their debts did not amounte to much above 400li., as

was then noted; and now come to so many thousands.

And wheras in ye year 1629.  Mr. Sherley & Mr. Hath-

erley being at Bristoll, and write a large letter from

thence, in which they had given an account of ye debts,

and what sumes were then disbursed, Mr. Allerton

never left begging & intreating of them till they had

put it out.  So they bloted out 2. lines in yt leter in

which ye sumes were contained, and write upon it so

as not a word could be perceived; as since by them

was confessed, and by ye leters may be seene.  And

thus were they kept hoodwinckte, till now they were

so deeply ingaged.  And wheras Mr. Sherley:  did so

ernestly press yt Mr. Allerton might be sent over to

finish ye great bussines aboute ye patente, as may

be seen in his leter write 1629. as is before recorded,

and yt they should be ernest wth his wife to suffer him

348                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

to goe, &c., he hath since confessed by a letter under

my hands, that it was Mr. Allerton's owne doings, and

not his, and he made him write his words, & not his

owne.  The patent was but a pretence, and not ye

thing.  Thus were they abused in their simplicitie,

and no beter then bought & sould, as it may seeme.

     And to mend ye matter, Mr. Allerton doth in a sorte

wholy now deserte them; having brought them into ye

briers, he leaves them to gett out as they can.  But

God crost him mightily, for he having hired ye ship

of Mr. Sherly at 30li. a month, he set forth againe

with a most wicked and drunken crue, and for covet-

ousnes sake did so over lade her, not only filling her

hould, but so stufed her betweene decks, as she was

walte, and could not bear sayle, and they had like to

have been cast away at sea, and were forced to put

for Millford Havene, and new-stow her, & put some

of ther ordnance & more heavie goods in ye botome;

which lost them time, and made them come late into

ye countrie, lose ther season, and made a worse viage

then ye year before.  But being come into ye countrie,

he sells trading comodities to any yt will buy, to ye

great prejudice of ye plantation here; but that which

is worse, what he could not sell, he trustes; and sets

up a company of base felows and maks them traders,

to rune into every hole, & into ye river of Kenebeck,

to gleane away ye trade from ye house ther, aboute

ye patente & priviledge wherof he had dasht away so

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                349

much money of theirs here; [189] and now what in

him lay went aboute to take away ye benefite therof,

and to overthrow them.  Yea, not only this, but he

furnishes a company, and joyns with some consorts,

(being now deprived of Ashley at Penobscote,) and

sets up a trading house beyoned Penobscote, to cute

of ye trade from thence also.  But ye French perceiv-

ing that that would be greatly to their damage allso,

they came in their begining before they were well

setled, and displanted them, slue 2. of their men, and

tooke all their goods to a good valew, ye loss being

most, if not all, Mr. Allerton's; for though some of

them should have been his partners, yet he trusted

them for their partes; the rest of ye men were sent

into France, and this was the end of yt projecte.  The

rest of those he trusted, being lose and drunken fel-

lows, did for ye most parte but coussen & cheate him

of all they got into their hands; that howsoever he

did his friends some hurte hereby for ye presente, yet

he gate title good, but wente by ye loss by Gods just

hand.  After in time, when he came to Pliffioth, ye

church caled him to accounte for these, and other his

grosse miscarrages; he confessed his faulte, and prom-

ised better walking, and that he would wind him selfe

out of these courses as soone as he could, &c.

     This year also Mr. Sherley would needs send them

over a new-acountante; he had made mention of such

a thing ye year before, but they write him word, that

350                                HISTORY OF                        [BOOK II.

their charge was great allready, and they neede not

increase it, as this would; but if they were well delte

with, and had their goods well sent over, they could

keep their accounts hear them selves.  Yet he now

sente one, which they did not refuse, being a yonger

brother of Mr. Winslows, whom they had been at

charge to instructe at London before he came.  He

came over in the White Angell with Mr. Allerton,

and ther begane his first imploymente; for though

Mr. Sherley had so farr befreinded Mr. Allerton, as

to cause* Mr. Winslow to ship ye supply sente to ye

partners here in this ship, and give him 4li. pr tune,

wheras others carried for 3. and he made them pay

their fraight ready downe, before ye ship wente out of

ye harbore, wheras others payed upon certificate of ye

goods being delivered, and their fraight came to up-

ward of 6. score pounds, yet they had much adoe to

have their goods delivered, for some of them were

chainged, as bread & pease; they were forced to take

worse for better, neither could they ever gett all.

And if Josias Winslow had not been ther, it had been

worse; for he had ye invoyce, and order to send them

to ye trading houses.

     This year their house at Penobscott was robed by ye

French, and all their goods of any worth they carlied

away, to ye value of 400. or 500li. as ye cost first peny

worth; in beaver 300li. waight; and ye rest in trading

* This word is obscure in MS.

1631.]                  PLYMOUTH  PLANTATION.                351

goods, as coats, ruggs, blankett, biskett, &c.  It was

in this maner.  The mr. of ye house, and parte of ye

company with him, were come with their vessell to ye

westward to fecth a supply of goods which was brought

over for them.  In ye mean time comes a smale French

ship into ye harbore (and amongst ye company was a

false Scott); they pretended they were nuly come from

ye sea, and knew not wher they were, and that their

vesell was very leake, and desired they might hale her

a shore and stop their leaks.  And many French com-

plements they used, and congees they made; and in

ye ende, seeing but 3. or 4. simple men, yt were ser-

vants, and by this Scoth-man understanding that ye

maister & ye rest of ye company were gone from

home, they fell of comending their gunes and muskets,

that lay upon racks by ye wall side, and tooke them

downe to looke on them, asking if they were charged.

And when they were possesst of them, one presents

a peece ready charged against ye servants, and another

a pistoll; and bid them not sturr, but quietly deliver

them their goods, and carries some of ye men aborde,

& made ye other help to carry away ye goods.  And

when they had tooke what they pleased, they sett them

at liberty, and wente their way, with this mocke, bid-

ing them tell their mr. when he came, that some of

ye Ile of Rey gentlemen had been ther. *

     *.The above paragraph was written on the reverse of page 188 of the

original manuscript.

Continue on to Book Two / pp. 352 - 389

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